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how to find predatory journals

Open access publishing has a dark side, the predatory publishers and journals that exist for revenue rather than scholarly activity. However, if a journal you want to submit your work to, does meet one or several of the above mentioned criteria, it does not mean definitively that it is a predatory journal. Any journals which solicit manuscripts by mass-mailing researchers should be avoided; reputable journals generally do not solicit authors to publish with them. In the years to come, we regularly received similar requests from international scientific and academic journals, completely off-topic! 40. Avoiding Predatory Journals – Charlesworth Author Services Predatory journals could damage the legitimacy of scientific publishing (, 2019) Stop this waste of people, animals and money (Nature, 2017) Predatory publishers: the journals that churn out fake science (The Guardian, 2018) Many academics are eager to publish in worthless journals (The New York Times, 2017) Journals Articles. Some common forms of predatory publishing practices include falsely claiming to provide peer review, hiding informatio … #24: The journal (if it is open access) is not listed on the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ). The vast majority of scholars either never, or only occasionally submitted reviews for predatory journals to Publons (89.96% and 7.55% of all reviewers, respectively). Information on whether and how journal content will be digitally preserved is absent. Rele, et al., LMU Librarian Publications & Presentations 40 (2017), Shamseer, et al., BMC Medicine 15:28 (2017), Click here to search JCR master journal list. We looked through the various available lists of criteria to identify predatory journals: One provided by Beall, Eriksson & Helgesson (2017), Rele et al. Shamseer, L., Moher, D., Maduekwe, O., Turner, L., Barbour, V., Burch, R.. , J., Galipeau, J., Roberts, J., Shea, B.J. Images are distorted/fuzzy, intended to look like something they are not, or which are unauthorized. How did they even find us? This journal blacklist, based on 52 criteria developed by Beall, was forced to shut down after almost a decade due to increasing threats and political issues. We still get them! Selected publishers, journals but also members of the open-access community had objected against Beall’s understanding of predatory journals. BMC Medicine 13: 230. They can find you very easily. Knowing how to spot a predatory journal is essential for academics looking to get published. 2015. #22: The journal’s contact email address is non-professional and non-journal affiliated (e.g. < EUR 150). Cobey, K. D., Lalu, M. M., Skidmore, B., Ahmadzai, N., Grudniewicz, A., & Moher, D. 2018. Suddenly, many new publishers came on the market and started their journals as online-only. #16: Communication from the journal includes poor language, spelling mistakes or grammar errors. Please see Searching the JCR Master List has improved in recent years. Their search engine is quite flexible. (2017), the ‘Think, Check, Submit’ initiative and the anonymous initiative Stop Predatory Journals. It is not uncommon to find that the journal has published only 2 issues in an entire year. These can still be very decent journals. Predatory journals and deceptive publishing practices are a pain! Take our Predatory Journal Test including all the criteria listed above. This was our personal way of becoming aware of so-called predatory journals and their publishers’ business practices. Due to constant problems with Weebly service, we decided to move to an independent server. When good scientists are involved in running a journal, the peer review process is strong and thorough. #17: The journal is not transparent about the editorial policies that they apply. Crackdown on these journals although are somewhat hard to perform as the definition of predatory journals is vague and questionable. #12: The journal does not list contact addresses of editors, editorial board members or the publisher. They do not publish in nor read this journal. Research papers around the world are increasing exponentially but so are the number of retractions. On the above-mentioned Cabell’s Blacklist currently almost 12,000 so-called predatory journals are listed (Andersen 2019). They were used to create the original Beall’s list and are used now for the updated lists. If you do not, search for publications fr… These journals quack like ducks but sink like stones. The website contains spelling and grammar errors. #7: The journal requests manuscripts to be submitted via email. For further details on the rise and development of predatory journals see the articles by Allen (2018),  Butler (2013),  Dadkhah & Borchardt (2016), Eriksson & Helgesson (2017), and Straumsheim (2017). Search by keywords: In the field: Search. Clark, J. 11,341 journals without APC s. 15,615 journals. #11: The journal has a very small editorial board or an editorial board that is still to be announced. Contact addresses can also be incomplete. The term ‘predatory journal’ was coined by Jeffrey Beall, a librarian at the University of Colorado, who observed and systematically analysed a growing number of exploitative academic journals charging author fees without proper quality-check of the submitted and published papers. It is not very informative and contains factual mistakes and language errors. It is great that you are taking care to avoid predatory journals before submitting your paper. LMU Librarian Publications & Presentations. 123 countries represented. The strength of a journal is reflected in the members of its editorial board. It can, sometimes, be hard to define what a predatory journal is due to a lack of a global definition, as pointed out so well by Cobey et al. #23: The journal is listed on Beall’s list of predatory journals or any other journal blacklist. We shall gather and present more information regarding this issue on the coming posts to help the academics to identify and avoid falling into the trap of predatory journals. The Beall's list of predatory publishing contains more than +1000 entries of predatory publishers and journals that cannot be easily searched manually. Papers are also accepted within very short time. Journal Evaluation Tool. The archived version of Beall’s list is available at Beall’s List of Predatory Journals and Publishers. The more criteria on the list above that are NOT met by the journal you are aiming for, the higher the likelihood that it does not fall into the category of so-called predatory journals. International Association of Scientific, Technical, & Medical Publishers (STM). Med Health Care and Philos 20: 163., European Association of Science Editors (EASE). our colleague asked in a recent commentary.In research just published, we dived in to have a look.. For the unfamiliar, the term “predatory journals” has been used to refer to online-only scholarly publishing entities with murky operations. There is no regular publication activity visible. The number of predatory journals and papers published in these journals is continuously growing. 80 languages. Potential predatory scholarly open‑access publishers. One can use the criteria used by Jeffrey Beall for determining predatory publishers. BMC Medicine 15:28. Hijacked Journals: An Emerging Challenge for Scholarly Publishing. #21: The journal is not indexed in any of the established journal databases such as. If your journal appears on this list then there is a good chance it is not predatory. The standalone journals list published by Jeffrey Beall might be the most commonly cited in the literature. This is where it’s back to the same question: how to identify predatory/fake journals? Rele, S., Kennedy, M., Blas, N. 2017. A cross-sectional comparison. There can be, for example, new journals with the best of intentions which cannot have a large number of high-quality papers from many well-known authors yet. Eriksson, S.,  Helgesson, G. 2017. At the end, you don’t have a good publication, you might damage your reputation and certainly waste money. Don’t do it! What are the exact practices that so-called predatory journals apply? You might get charged an exorbitant rate for publishing your paper. 5,501,361 article records. We wrote a friendly message back to the Editor to explain that we couldn’t accept reviewing the paper due to lack of expertise. What is a predatory journal? The fees are typically rather low compared to established, legitimate journals (e.g. Many predatory journals are claiming they are indexed by DOAJ and JCR Master List, while they are not. #19: The journal requires authors to transfer copyright despite claiming it is open access. However, a serious criticism of Beall’s list is its reliability. Thus, this website will work as a proxy for Beall's list of predatory publishing as well as portal for scholars and researchers to report their concerns about any predatory journal or conference. Dadkhah, M., Borchardt, G. 2016. Butler, D. 2013. Within a very short time, you will know whether you can submit to your journal in mind, or whether you are about to become prey to predatory publishing practices and would be better off going somewhere else. Simple Warning Signs That Will Help. #4: The journal claims or seems to be rather new. You might first be notified – after acceptance of your paper – that you have to pay a fee at all. F1000Research, 7, 1001. Predatory Journals take advantage of authors by asking them to publish for a fee without providing peer-review or editing services. A good review of the value of this list is available on the Scholarly Kitchen Blog. The majority of these predatory journals will take payments without ever publishing the work, while others publish articles without any form of an editorial or peer review process. So why would they ask us for a review? How to avoid predatory journals—a. The false academy: predatory publishing in science and bioethics. Something else that you can do is to run the site content through text-matching tools and find out if the content has been pirated from other sites. #3: The journal defines no clear publication date. Potential predatory and legitimate biomedical journals: can you tell the difference? #1: The journal asks for a submission rather than publication fee. The email started in a friendly way and invited us to consider reviewing a recently submitted paper to the journal. JCR recently also introduced a service where if you upload your manuscript, they can tell you which JCR-indexed journals match the topics within your article. An anonymous group started the initiative ‘Stop Predatory Journals’ listing some 1,300 possible predatory journals, based on Beall’s list. Non-predatory journals tend to have a much more focused scope, as they want to address just single area and not spread themselves too thinly. (2017), Shamseer et al. #10: The journal claims to be very international but has no or very few papers from well-known or international authors. Although the list pertains biomed journals, it can be easily applied to all other topics. The Index Copernicus Value is promoted on the website. A publication record in predatory journals is anything but helpful in finding and attracting research grants or academic positions. Being aware of the practices of predatory journals is the first step. What we thought was just an editorial lapse in judgement turned out not to be the exception. If the journal is in your area of research, you should recognize some of the names on the editorial board. The problem had ballooned into a danger. #15: The journal sends open calls/unsolicited emails to many authors to invite them to submit papers to them. Neither of us had any expertise in medical research, certainly not in the specific medical topic of the paper under review. Publishers Standalone Journals Vanity Press Contact Other Hello. They apply poor ethical procedures by claiming to live-up to the established quality control standards in peer-review, but do so only on a superficial level. Finally, ask a librarian! The journal does not state a fixed number of issues and volumes to be published per year. 177,666 were claimed for 6,403 legitimate journals (96.69% of all reviews). DOAJ in numbers. By default, most predatory journals have at least a few red flags (as listed here) that should warn researchers of the true nature of the journals. It has a very low number of published papers and issues so far. Take your envisioned journal through our Predatory Journal Test and make sure your paper, your money, and your career are in safe hands. Embarrassment. The contact email address is non-professional and non-journal affiliated (e.g., or Jeffrey Beall, the most renowned, started to set up a list of predatory journals in 2008. While most predatory journals will probably be covered by Google Scholar your work won't be as visible if it's missing from other research databases. These type of journals are not really interested in your paper, – your research, or of high quality. European Association of Science Editors (EASE). Typically 72h to a very few weeks, which makes it rather unrealistic that a proper peer-review process is going to be applied. Predatory journals-also called fraudulent, deceptive, or pseudo-journals-are publications that claim to be legitimate scholarly journals but misrepresent their publishing practices. #8: The journal has a very high acceptance rate of papers. ‘Predatory’ open access: A longitudinal study of article volumes and market characteristics. Let’s get a quick overview of the potential issues of misconduct and unethical behaviour that you may find from predatory journals: All the behaviours listed above should give you enough reason to assume that an ethical and respected scholar would not consider publishing in any of these outlets. So far so good, but we wondered why they had picked us as potential reviewers. University World News, 19 Oct 2018. We can also help you to find a reputable journal in your subject area. Journal Evaluation Tool is a scoring sheet that anyone can use to determine the credibility of a journal. Yet, this might be a no-win situation. This means their shares of predatory reviews ranged from one to 25% of all reviews. From the multitude of criteria (over 65 items) provided, we made a concise selection for you that should enable you to check yourself. Always make sure that the journal you found has the same website and ISSN as the journal you are looking for. Predatory journals arose with the onset of the open-access movement. Many predatory journals are claiming they are indexed by DOAJ and JCR Master List, while they are not. the list of criteria for the identification of predatory journals developed by Eriksson & Helgesson (2016) the v.1.1 criteria version for the identification of predatory journals developed by Cabells (a for-profit company) Looking at the full range of these criteria, we only retained those that are: The number of predatory journals and papers published in these journals is continuously growing. Librarians are trained to spot predatory journals. #5: The aims and scope of the journal are not defined or rather vague. The Article processing/publication charge is very low (e.g., < $150 USD). Description of the manuscript handling process is lacking. This article helps researchers to: (1) identify some of the commonly used tactics and characteristics of predatory publishing; and (2) avoid falling prey to them. If the journal has a narrow focus, then it is an indication that the journal is not predatory, although you should validate this with the other checks you are doing. Do you want to write a journal paper? They seem to be mostly keen on collecting fees from authors in return for what they promise – to publish your paper FAST. We first came into touch with a predatory journal many years ago: In our inbox there was a message from the Editor of an international medical journal. Investigating journals: The dark side of publishing. The scope of interest includes non-biomedical subjects alongside biomedical topics. Beall’s List of Predatory Journals and Publishers, International Association of Scientific, Technical, & Medical Publishers (STM), Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association (OASPA). #13: The Editor-in-Chief of this journal is also the Editor-in-Chief of (many) other journals with widely different subjects. Where not to find journal articles: Predatory journals: One major drawback that has gained traction thanks to the open access movement is the phenomenon of predatory journals. #18: The journal claims to have an impact factor despite the fact it is a new journal in which case it cannot have an impact factor yet. #14: The journal has a poor and unprofessional looking website. List due to Shamseer, et al., BMC Medicine 15:28 (2017). Inside academia, Beall had received a lot of recognition for his list and for systematically analysing and identifying predatory journal practices, which many scholars were using to avoid falling into these journals’ traps. Predatory journals (also called deceptive or scamming journals) are accused of applying poor academic standards and practices in their editorial and peer-review processes. #2: The journal promises a very fast publication process. Make sure to search through journals only, unless you want to find an open-access article (see picture below). Journals claiming to be open access either retain copyright of published research or fail to mention copyright. The journal also receives stronger papers. Aesthetic Surgery Journal 36. If you want more help with writing a great journal paper, join Paper Writing Academy. If you receive an email inviting you to submit your work to a journal which you are not familiar with, it is extremely likely that it is from a predatory publisher. —— BEALLSLIST.NET —— BEALL'S LIST OF PREDATORY JOURNALS AND PUBLISHERS. #6: The journal publishes papers that are far outside the scope of the journal. Like a wolf in sheep’s clothing, these tricky publications are as threatening as they are clever. The Scholarly Kitchen Blog. 2017. Predatory journals—also called fraudulent, deceptive, or pseudo-journals—are publications that claim to be legitimate scholarly journals but misrepresent their publishing practices. Don't hesitate to ask for a second opinion. The word “predator” suggests fangs and claws, but unfortunately, predatory journals are not so easy to spot. Find open access journals & articles. #9: The paper titles and abstracts contain errors. Conditions of research papers. You don’t want your well-crafted paper based on many hours of hard work to end up abused by a corrupt publisher for their personal gain and thrown in the trash. Archived version of “Beall’s List of Predatory Journals and Publishers”. These journals act as predators and consider the authors, often new or inexperienced ones, as their prey and lure them into their traps. We never received a response on our message. Even if your paper does not get accepted, you will still have to pay the fee. They make academic life more difficult. On the above-mentioned Cabell’s Blacklist currently almost 12,000 so-called predatory journals are listed (Andersen 2019). of Potential Predatory Journals and Publishers. This website offers clear advises about how to publish in a reputable journal. or Journals listed as emergent do not have an established practice or reputation and should be carefully considered. Authors feel attracted by the promise to get published quickly and are willing to pay for this service.

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