yea, there is no God; I know not any! BibliographyNicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. This was one of th… https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/revelation-1.html. American Tract Society. Which is, and which was, ... - See the notes on Revelation 1:4. His glory is the goal. Therefore in the time of Moses He called Himself as it were afresh, אהיה, I will be. Besides, a portion of the language used here, “which is, and was, and is to come,” is what would more naturally suggest a reference to God as such, than to the Lord Jesus Christ. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cgt/revelation-1.html. Revelation 1:8. "Cambridge Greek Testament for Schools and Colleges". Prologue. Alpha and Omega = The Alpha and the Omega. (s) Misn. How large and excellent! With this and the following passage, cf. Isaiah , was and is to come has the same meaning as in verse4. Baal Hatturim in Deuteronomy 33.21. In Him as the Omega is finished what as the Alpha He began. Verse 8. We have lifted our service for six weeks now. 3. It occurs often in Revelation, but nowhere else in the New Testament save 2Co 6:18, a quotation from Isaiah. When God appeared to Moses in the bush, He called Himself אהיה, I will be. Anticipatory consolation under the Church's coming trials. The eternal past is His; and His is the eternal future. If any one finds the end a cause of vexation, let him only lose himself in the beginning; let him dive into the word, "Before the mountains were brought forth, etc." The beginning of all testimony is in God, and the end, too, centres in Him. It is to be noted that the Authorised Version of verse eight both interpolates and omits. God is the source, the beginning of all truth revealed, of all promise given, and of all testimony committed to men. 1909-1922. 1871-8. Today is Sunday. Public Domain. Stuart cautions us against adducing this as a proof text in favour of the divinity of Christ. We must, therefore, find that it is Christ who speaks: yet Christ reinforced by, identified with, and speaking for, the whole Trinity. It is a fullness which eye has not seen nor ear heard. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/revelation-1.html. The Almighty.âThe word thus rendered is, with one exception (2Corinthians 6:18), peculiar to this book in the New Testament. 1:17; 2:8). But there may also be the idea that every letter in this revelation comes directly from Him. the Lord—The oldest manuscripts read "the Lord God.". Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". § 26. The Almighty - An appellation often applied to God, meaning that he has all power, and used here to denote that he is able to accomplish what is disclosed in this book. § 20. "Commentary on Revelation 1:8". Everything finds its answer in Him. 2013. What a calm to the soul amidst the rush of life! 1896. In Christ is the fullness of WISDOM and KNOWLEDGE. A crown was given to the rider and he came out conquering and to conquer. At this point God is seen as dramatically stepping in to make His declaration over the whole revelation, reinforcing John’s words in Revelation 1:4. (Witham). BibliographyKnollys, Hanserd. Thus, in the assurance that the Lord will come in His might for the accomplishment of His plans, the Seer is prepared to enter upon a description of the visions which he had enjoyed. And that the slaying of the witnesses is future, appears to be probable. ... Jesus began the book of Revelation calling himself the Alpha and Omega in Revelation 1:8. "E.W. Thus, Jesus here reveals Himself in this book of the Revelation; for all these excellences come forth into special manifestation in this glorious book, which may well be called the fifth gospel—the record of Christ in heaven—the unveiling of His love and power. The Introductory section is followed by a narrative, Revelation 1:9-20, telling how John had received from Christ the commission to write to the seven churches, and containing an extended representation of the appearance of Christ, which was admirably fitted to prepare the minds of men for the contents of the epistles—to dispose sinners to repentance, and to kindle hope in the bosoms of the desponding. This question is answered by the declaration, I am the Alpha and the Omega. The meaning of this new world shows why we are full of anticipation. render the epithet variously, but most commonly use παντοκρά τωπ, ὁ κύ ριος, ὁ θεὸ ς, ὁ παντοκρά τως. Alpha and Omega are the ﬁrst and last letters of the Greek alphabet (the language in which the New Testament was written). The third creature had a face like a man (Revelation 4:7). Thus He is declaring Himself to be the beginning and the ending, the One Who sums up everything in Himself from start to finish. Let the Reader compare the scriptures, and he must be led to see, that the language is one and the same, and from the same Almighty speaker, Isaiah 44:6-8; see also Isaiah 41:4 and Isaiah 48:12. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/revelation-1.html. The name אהיה, afterwards swelling out into the name יהוה, transmitted at the same time the same meaning of the future to the name יהוה, so that in the very form of the name the future might be conspicuous, and from thence there might be an advance to the present with the past. The one, “who is, and who was and who is to come” is clearly identified from the context. See on Revelation 1:4. This is the full name, when its various parts are put together. Here the voice of the Eternal, and at once the murmur within and the din without are stilled. Bible study in Revelation 1:1-8. Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, which is, which was, and is to come, the Almighty. By such means He admirably, as it were, contracted the meaning of His name יהוה, so that, just as God, although being the God of all, yet was no other, and was called no other, and wished to be called no other, than the God of Israel, so יהוה, He who is, was no other than He who is to Israel, or, in other words, who affords and exhibits Himself to Israel. 1, 2), but the all-inclusive power of God, which comes fully into play in the new order of things inaugurated by the second advent. Revelation 1:8. In Exodus 3:14 He supplies this reason for His name: I will be what I will be, as He had said to Moses at the 12th verse of the same chapter, I will be with thee. 1. In the midst of failed and failing circumstances, and the Church ecclesiastically a ruin amidst the wrecked testimony of the ages, God's voice is heard above the din and strife. 2. fol. On our hands the threads are broken; in His hands they have never been rent. "Commentary on Revelation 1:8". p. 311 , ss. "Who was, and who is, and who is to come." AR 10. 1897. Sabbat, fol. & Bartenora in ib. The beginning is the surety for the end. Now let us pause, and consider these solemn words as they are. "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". § 24. Only John uses this name for God (1:8; 21:6). The texts read "LORD God" (see App-4). In verse 4 this name is given to the Father; now it is given to the Son, or rather to Jesus Christ—"the Christ of God," the "Word made flesh.". § 29. "says R. Levi, Tau is the end of the seal of the holy blessed God, for says R. Chanina, the seal of the holy blessed God is "truth": says R. Samuel bar Nachmani, these are the children of men who confirm the whole law "from Aleph to Tau" (t). 1 The revelation from Jesus Christ, which God gave him to show his servants what must soon take place. Minuc. (b) there can be no doubt that the same language is applied to him in Revelation 1:11. Bible Toggle Dropdown. Almighty App-98. Let the passage he looked to, Exodus 15:3, and the whole of that song. All things begin and end in God (The Father - see also Revelation 21:5-6. It is open on every side, that all may partake. Revelation 4:8; Revelation 11:17; Hebrews 13:8). Jehovah Elohim, the God of men and of Israel, Who has been pleased to put Himself into moral relationship with both, speaks once again from Heaven. For the epithet ὁ παντοκρά τωρ is never put, without either θεὸ ς or Jehovah immediately preceding. He is the One Who ‘forms the mountains and creates the wind, and declares to man what is his thought, who makes the morning darkness and treads on the high places of the earth, the Lord, the God of hosts is his name’ (Amos 4:13). The last Bible book stresses these qualities of God as does the first Bible book. This symbolises that Jesus was a human being, "the Son of Man".A significant feature of Jesus’s life on earth was that he lived lowly without earthly wealth (Matthew 8:20).. 2 Third Rider —on Black Horse. He made it known by sending his angel to his servant John, a 2 who gives witness to the word of God and to the testimony of Jesus Christ by reporting what he saw. & Raziel, fol. Angels, who are so prominent in Revelation, are the instruments that God uses to temporarily suspend judgment on the earth. It is of this fullness that He Himself speaks elsewhere, when he says, "I counsel you to buy of me gold tried in the fire, that you may be rich; and white clothing, that you may be clothed; and eye-salve with which to anoint your eyes, that you may see.". 8. The designations of God serve the purpose of tracing up to a necessity in the divine nature the declaration, that he will maintain his supremacy, as at the beginning, so also at the end. They were given power over a fourth of the earth to kill by sword, famine and plague, and by the wild beasts of the earth." Revelation 21:6 the two expressions, Alpha and Omega, beginning and end, occur together; and in the full-toned conclusion at ch. 1905. I am the Alpha and the Omega, says the Lord God, who is, and who was, and comes, the Almighty. From this fullness no one is excluded. God is not only Lord of the future. (8) I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, saith the Lord, which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/revelation-1.html. "God" after "Lord" is also an important omission. See note to verse Revelation 1:4. "Almighty" used singly, or in conjunction with other names, occurs about sixty times, half of these instances in the ancient book of Job. In chapter 1 of Zechariah these horses … BibliographyWhedon, Daniel. "Every one" and "whoever" are the words in which the invitation is made. Luther follows here a double false reading. and Ethics, i. Rev., rightly, gives the article, "the Alpha," etc. Omitted in 'Aleph (') A B C, through in the Vulgate and Coptic. "Family Bible New Testament". These words apply to God, not to Christ. § 25. 1. Past, present, and future are His. "Commentary on Revelation 1:8". It contains "unsearchable riches." Almost all the other visions have respect to the external state of the church. "The Bible Study New Testament". In some also God is wanting after the Lord; a reading which has proceeded from the idea, that the person who speaks in the verse could be no other than Christ, to whom the title, the Lord God, is not applied. Almighty—Hebrew, "Shaddai," and "Jehovah Sabaoth," that is, "of hosts"; commanding all the hosts or powers in heaven and earth, so able to overcome all His Church's foes. "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". The fullness of the past eternity is His; the fullness of the future eternity is His; and the fullness of the vast present is also His. And these words are appropriated to this purpose, because they begin with the first and the last letters of the Hebrew alphabet, and so fitly indicate in what character the Alpha and Omega here come into consideration—only in respect to their place in the alphabet. We are carried back to the first chapter of the Gospel of John, and the first chapter of the first Epistle of John; yet the language is not the same. Neither the Vatican, Sinaitic (both most ancient of Biblical MSS. Thus one says, "Adam transgressed the whole law from Aleph even to Tav." Only here and in Revelation 21:5 f. is God introduced as the speaker, in the Apocalypse. BibliographySchaff, Philip. Then He made for Himself an eternal name, by the transaction itself: Isaiah 63:12. de gener. Is there a God beside me? These things saith the first and the last - See the notes on Revelation 1:8, Revelation 1:17.. Therefore, God is the Alpha and the Omega, the beginning and the end; that is, one who is all things, and always the same.” See Wesley. Copyright StatementThese files are a derivative of an electronic edition available at BibleSupport.com. Revelation 1:8 KJV I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, saith the Lord, which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty. I am the Alpha and the Omega. This same phrase is used of God the Father in Revelation 1:4; and is a further proof of the deity of Christ; and which is still more confirmed by the following character. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/znt/revelation-1.html. : Genesis 4:26; Genesis 13:4; Genesis 14:22; Genesis 15:2; Genesis 15:7, etc. It is said in Ezekiel 9:6, "begin at my sanctuary". I am Alpha and Omega. 1. In the Septuagint it translates ‘the God of hosts’, the One Who is over all that is ( Hosea 12:5; Amos 3:13; Amos 4:13; Amos 5:14). Revelation 6:8 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Revelation 6:8, NIV: "I looked, and there before me was a pale horse!Its rider was named Death, and Hades was following close behind him. "Commentary on Revelation 1:8". Revelation 1:8. God in Christ comprises all between, as well as first and last. Amen. We may thus set them in order—, I. [Note: The section partakes of the character of the whole first vision, which is thus described by Vitringa: "The first vision exhibits the internal state of the universal church through all times under the emblem of the seven churches of Asia, from Revelation 1:9 to the beginning of ch. 4. The Verb אהיה becomes a Noun, as ὁ ἦν, the Article being prefixed: and ὁ ἦν itself is a befitting phrase, as in Aristotle, εὐθὺς τὸ ἔσται καὶ τὸ μέλλεα, ἕτερον, l. ii. So suitable was the language of the Old Testament. The announcement of these divine titles forms a fitting conclusion to the introduction. But if, after all, the words should be understood as spoken by the Father, our Lord’s applying so many of these titles afterward to himself, plainly proves his partaking with the Father in the glory peculiar to the divine nature, and incommunicable to any creature.” See Bishop Pearson on the Creed, p. 175. The dignity of the speaker and the character of His utterances demand profound attention. I am Alpha and Omega, saith the Lord — Alpha is the first, Omega the last letter in the Greek alphabet. The unity of the whole passage is only preserved by ascribing them to the exalted and glorified Redeemer. 5 And from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, and the first begotten of the dead, and the prince of the kings of the earth. To get what Revelation 1:8 means based on its source text, scroll down or follow these links for the original scriptural meaning , biblical context and relative popularity. In Christ is the fullness of all CREATION. See Revelation 1:17; Revelation 22:13. "Light & Truth: Bible Thoughts and Themes on Revelation". Revelation is not about bold predictions about days yet to come. The group of titles represents “the Lord Jehovah the God of Hosts,” a combination of Hosea 12:5 and Amos 9:5. c He made it known by sending his angel to his servant John, 2 d who bore witness to the word of God and to e the testimony of Jesus Christ, even f to all that he saw. "A weighing of evidence, especially in light of the OT "flavor" of the expression and a recollection that the Father in the OT refers to Himself as "I am" (i.e, the Tetragrammaton, Exodus 3:14; cf. So the rabbinical Jalkut Rub., fol. 1:4, 11). It was such a God, that belonged to the beginning, and such also must necessarily belong to the end; and the church can smile at those who would put themselves in opposition to him. I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, said the Lord, which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty. II. Our course, our testing lie between these points, God the Alpha and God the Omega. The apostolic writers and early believers were well aware of this meaning. The three clauses form the interpretation of the Name Jehovah. Felix, Oct. 7, “pleni et mixti deo uates futura praecerpunt, dant cautelam periculis, morbis medelam, spem afflictis, operam miseris, solacium calamitatibus, laboribus leuamentum”. the beginning and the ending—omitted in the oldest manuscripts, though found in Vulgate and Coptic. In Christ, Genesis, the Alpha of the Old Testament, and Revelation, the Omega of the New Testament, meet together: the last book presenting to us man and God reconciled in Paradise, as the first book presented man at the beginning innocent and in God's favor in Paradise. See note on Revelation 20:12. And thus the meaning of the future prevailed in אהיה, including both a recapitulation of the revelations and promises of God, which had been given to the fathers, and a declaration of the event now to be exhibited, by the bringing the people out of Egypt. The word means the all-powerful One, the Omnipotent One. BibliographyBonar, Horatius. So as the people of God face up to what is to come they can rest in the confidence of the overall power of their protector, the ruler of time and of history and of all that is and will be. Used only once outside of Revelation, in 2 Corinthians 6:18, where it is a quotation. 1, 2. He is the originator and terminator of all things. In this fullness there is something infinitely attractive. Study the bible online using commentary on Revelation 1:8 and more! Spiritual Meaning of REVELATION 1:4 previous - next - text - summary - Revelation - BM Home - Full Page. The word we render “Almighty” (perhaps rather meaning “of all might”) does not correspond to the word “Shaddai” which we translate “Almighty” in the Old Testament. The Lamb opens the first seal. He is "the first and the last." "Commentary on Revelation 1:8". Alpha is the first letter in the Greek Alphabet, and Omega the last. The Almighty. He is "from everlasting to everlasting, God." BibliographyJamieson, Robert, D.D. In the Apocalypse alone it frequently occurs. and his anxiety will disappear. At that time also He was called Jehovah, but by a less solemn use. Thrice in this Chapter, here, and again at Revelation 1:11; Rev_1:17, the Lord Jesus takes to himself these characters of distinction. God confirmed the preceding forecast with a solemn affirmation of His eternity and omnipotence. 1 The revelation of Jesus Christ, which God a gave him b to show to his servants 1 the things that must soon take place. This Name having been proclaimed to Moses, throughout the same vision, and afterwards throughout the whole writing of the Old Testament, the name יהוה is mentioned. There follows now in Revelation 1:8 the second introductory statement of what the prophet had to say for the consolation of the church in its faint and distressed condition. ), nor the Alexandrian Codex were available to the translators of our noble Authorised Version. And yet Moses was commanded to say, אהיה I WILL BE hath sent me; and the Lord also calls Himself יהוה Jehovah: and the name אהיה is not afterwards repeated, whereas the name יהוה is of constant occurrence. Echa Rabbati, fol. & Avoda Zara, fol. It is the unfolding of the one name, Jehovah; for as the sunbeam is composed of many parts and colors, so is this great name "Jehovah" divisible into such parts as the above, which proclaim to us the manifold fullness of God, and reveal to us His divine character and nature as the infinite and eternal Lord. "Commentary on Revelation 1:8". We think it one of the most trinitarian texts in the New Testament. Let’s dig into the book of Revelation. 1859. BibliographyConstable, Thomas. 1874-1909. 'I am the Alpha and the Omega'-the first and last letters of the alphabet. Ernst Hengstenberg on John, Revelation, Ecclesiastes, Ezekiel & Psalms. 2:1-3:22). Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. These first four seals reveal what has been commonly called, “The four horsemen of the apocalypse.” We read about these horses and riders in Zechariah 1:7-11 and Zechariah 6:1-8. The epithet, Lord God, corresponds to the Old Testament combination, Jehovah Elohim, i.e. Often in Revelation, but nowhere else in the New Testament, except 2 Corinthians 6:18, quoted from Isaiah. The infinity of time belongs to Him; He is Himself that infinity. The third member of the text, "which is to come," would at first sight seem to indicate an actual coming, but it is not so. Beginning and ending denotes the same idea as the other ﬁgure, the particular words being selected because Christ was present at all of the works of God from the beginning ( John 1:1-3; Ephesians 3:9). BibliographyWallace, Foy E. "Commentary on Revelation 1:8". By the opening of the second century πατὴρ παντοκράτωρ had become the first title of God in the Roman creed; the Apocalypse, indifferent to the former epithet, reproduces the latter owing to its Hebraic sympathies, ἐγώ εἰμι: Coleridge used to declare that one chief defect in Spinoza was that the Jewish philosopher started with It is instead of with I am. 1974. E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament. “ I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, saith the Lord, which is, and which was, and which is to … It is fitted to win us. God's Word ... And this is interesting, because many of us have the feeling that the meaning of Revelation is hidden! BibliographyBenson, Joseph. 1851. Biblical Commentary (Bible Study) Revelation 1:4-8 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: This book opens with the Greek words, Apokalypsis Iesou Christou (The revelation of Jesus Christ). (t) T. Bab. He is living eternity. Jehovah cannot but answer to the third member, ὁ ὦ ν καὶ ὁ ἦ ν καὶ ὁ ἐ ρχομενος. So Christ, he is the Alpha and Omega, the first and last, the chief, the whole of things; as of the covenant of grace, he is the first and last of it, he is the Mediator, surety, and messenger of it, and the ratifier and confirmer of it, he is the covenant itself, all its blessings and promises are in him; he is the sum and substance of the Scriptures, both of the law and of the Gospel; he is the fulfilling end of the law, and he is the subject matter of the Gospel; he stands in the first verse in Genesis, and in the last of the Revelation; he is the Alpha and Omega, the first and last, the whole and all in the business of salvation, in the affair of justification before God, in the sanctification of his people, in their adoption, and eternal glorification; he stands first and last in the book of God's purposes and decrees, in the book of the covenant, in the book of the creatures, or creation, being the first cause, and last end of all things, in the book of Providence, and in the book of the Scriptures: likewise, as these two letters include all the rest, this phrase may be expressive of the perfection of Christ, who as God has the fulness of the Godhead, all the perfections of the divine nature in him; and, as man, is in all things made like unto his brethren; and, as Mediator, has all fulness of power, wisdom, grace, and righteousness in him, in whom all the saints are complete; and this may also denote his eternity, he having none before him, nor any after him; and which also is signified by some other following expressions: the beginning and the ending; the Alexandrian copy, the Complutensian edition, the Syriac and Ethiopic versions, leave out this; which seems to be explanative of the former clause, Alpha being the beginning of the alphabet, and Omega the ending of it; and properly belongs to Christ, who knows no beginning, nor will he have any end with respect to time, being from everlasting to everlasting; and agrees with him as the first cause of all things, both of the old and new creation, and the last end to which they are all referred, being made for his pleasure, honour, and glory: these things now.
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