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types of yarns in textile

Different Types Of Woven Fabric With Pictures. The core may also be an elastic yarn such as spandex” (Source - Dictionary of Fibers and Textile Technology). Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. This yarn is composed of sock and fingering yarn and is generally used for making shawls. Aida cloth Fabric. Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you 3. This is a weave with the most simple interlacing but it makes for a very strong and firm … Now we use novelty yarns in the art of fashion and designing textiles.. Many processes of spinning are bypassed in this method of producing the yarn. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal Wool yarn is used to make both winter and summer garments. All these come with different textures and each has a unique way of knitting up. Services. No comber has needed during cared yarn manufacturing in textile spinning sctor. JUTE • 2ply • S Twist • Jute is also called "the golden fiber" for its color and high cash value. There are four different types of wool yarn, and these consist of: Pure new wool, also known as virgin wool is one that has been manufactured directly from animal fleece. Different types of processes could be applied to obtain the desired properties, for example, texturizing to obtain stretchy or bulky yarns. Why do you need to master the chain stitch first in making crochet? She holds a master's degree in Art History. Each yarn type offers unique advantages and disadvantages, so you can be sure to find the perfect fit for your project. your password The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). This consists of rug yarns and chunky yarns. #3 on the Chart! Synthetic knitting yarn is made from coal or petroleum products. Have you ever looked closely at your favorite shirt? The effectiveness of a finish may depend on the yarn choice. Textile yarns may be used directly or after preliminary treatment. Soybean protein viscose fiber filament yarn is also available. Some people say that it’s generally difficult to knit with. It forms the building block of a garment. This should, however, not be confused with the Angora rabbit which produces Angora wool. Yarns is created either from short staple length fibers or from filament fibers. These come from various sources and will normally differ in characteristics such as texture, weight, price, and durability, etc. I’ve touched on what I consider to be the most popular types of yarn within each category. Types of Yarn and Spinning 1. Novelty yarn is ideal for adding feel and interest to your knitted items. It is a delightful natural fiber that is amazingly soft to the touch. But how is the yarn made? In reality, the variety of fancy yarns is unlimited, but based on the fundamental yarn structure, they can be classified into a few basic types. Traditionally, yarns have been constructed of … It is grown in many parts of the world, especially those with warm climates. Merino wool is ideal for creating winter woolies and would impress any special person in your life. This is the only way your hands are going to create an art masterpiece that will make your efforts worthwhile. These are generally used for knitting socks. An interesting thing about Merino wool fiber is that it can withstand being bent back 20,000 times without breaking! {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | It is sometimes known as Diamond Fiber because of its luster. Yarns may be classified supported length of fibres gift and range of elements gift. At the other end of the scale, you’ll find lace yarn which is among the thinnest yarns you can get. Knowing the properties and ideal use of each one of them helps to make the knitting project easier and more satisfying. Classification of Textile Yarn. Natural and synthetic, or man-made substances, are used to make yarn through a process called spinning. Different Types of Yarn Count in Textile: There are mainly two types of yarn count. your username. Considering how demanding knitting can be, everything from the yarn color to the weight and texture needs to be considered to get the best experience. Polyester yarn consists of cotton/wool/ and blends of yarn. You need to know how to work your way around it before you embark on a silk knitting project. This type of yarn contains short fibres in it. Each ball of yarn for knitting you purchase in the store comes with a ball band (label) that tells you everything you ought to know. Given its high breathability, Bamboo is a cool natural fiber that would be great for summer tops or sweaters. Remember to purchase more yarn than what the pattern suggests so that in case of any mistakes or gauge issues, you’ll still have more yarn to work with. i. 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Acrylic is man-made and offers a much cheaper option compared to most natural fibers. Stretch yarns: These types of yarn provide better extensibility and good recovery. Patterns always include the weight, color, and brand of the knitting needle used. Every day we use things made with textile yarn. Many novelty and bulky yarns are polyester yarn. In every operation where yarns are transferred from one package to another, yarn guides are required there. Let's look at each of them. Once you’ve gained a bit more experience though, it’s better to use natural fibers. Yarn is a long continuous length of interlocked fibres, suitable for use in the production of textiles, sewing, crocheting, knitting, weaving, embroidery, or ropemaking. Think about the shirt you wear and the carpet you walk on. They can contain any number of plies; 2, 4, 5, etc. This category includes Aran and worsted yarns. Stephanie has taught studio art and art history classes to audiences of all ages. Log in here for access. Types of Textile Yarn. #2 on the chart! Fabrics knitted from Merino wool tend to maintain their shape for a long time. Basically, dyeing is the complex process. The fiber is also six times finer than human hair. Select a subject to preview related courses: Under these three classifications, there are many types of textile yarn. This will be evident once you have finished the knitted project. Direct yarn count- … It is super soft, durable, resistant, and has a notable shine. An assemblage of fibres that is twisted or laid together so as to form a continuous strand that can be made into a textile fabric. The binder is needed to ensure the stability of the yarn structure hence the yarn is produced in two stage, firstly two yarns of widely different count are piled together, thick around thin. Well, harvesting wool from the Cashmere Goats is a long and demanding process. Combed Yarn: Combed yarn is one of the superior qualities of yarn. 2. Types of yarns Staple fiber yarn Filament yarn 0 Short staple Spinning 0 Open end yarn, 0 Ring spun yarn. Yarn guides are required to perform the winding or unwinding process properly. The yarn, which is given special, hard twists, is known as hard twisted yarn. Nevertheless, some people find it to be itchy. This was because the yarn was being woven into a cam-let type fabric which didn't work well with the alpaca yarn. The lengthwise yarns are known as warp yarns or ends, while the widthwise yarns are known as filling yarns or picks. So a yarn is a strand of natural or man-made fibres or filaments that have been twisted or grouped together for use in weaving, knitting, or other methods of constructing textile fabrics. Have you ever stopped to think why it is so highly-priced? Self-stripping yarns come in multiple colors that have been spun together to make unique and immaculate effects. Types of Yarn and Spinning 1. For instance, some finished projects may appear like a Fair Isle pattern. For example, cord yarn involves twisting two or more multiple ply yarns together to create a cord. The procedure of getting this wool fiber is also environmentally friendly. Choose one that you’ll be comfortable spending on. Hard twisted yarn and Soft twisted yarn: Though there are some differences in yarns giving a number of twists is a normal practice. Whether you are doing it as a hobby or for profit, finding the right type of yarn to use ensures that you will create the fabric pieces you envisioned, from the texture to the overall appearance. Mohair comes from the hair of the Angora goat. | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} The hemp plants can produce up to 250% more fiber compared to cotton. Fun Fact: Every Major League baseball features wool grown at a tiny mill in the town of Massachusetts. It wears pretty well and has long been considered to have antibacterial qualities. The word “Ply” is used in yarns definition of different yarn weights in the UK and AUS/NZ weight chart. For instance, you can have a cotton-acrylic yarn blend or even a wool-cotton yarn blend. Bouclé and loop yarn: The plys made by using three sets of yarns – base or core yarn, effect yarn, and tie yarn and having the looped effect around the base or core yarn is called boucle or loop yarn. It is also possible to use knitting, braiding, or other techniques to make thin strands and use them as yarns. Ideal for: Beginners Knitters attempting their first projects like scarves. Plant Based Yarns. Although they may be great for beginner knitters, it’s always good to proceed to the natural fibers once you gain some experience. When knitting, you don’t have control over when the color of the strand changes. So a yarn is a strand of natural or man-made fibres or filaments that have been twisted or grouped together for use in weaving, knitting, or other methods of constructing textile fabrics. Merino wool: Considered the finest of the fine breeds. It is the thinnest and lightest yarn out there and is used in lace knitting patterns, including scarves and shawls. just create an account. Yarn guides are used during winding, warping, beaming and weaving process. Some of its desirable characteristics are: On the other hand, some of the things knitters won’t like about self-stripping yarn include: Self-stripping yarn is great for creating colorful knitted projects, including scarves, socks, sweaters, cowls, beanie hats, afghans, etc. The yarn is directly spun from sliver obtained from carding. This comes from an evolved method of dyeing that results in the yarn coming out in intricate patterns. Yarns play an important role in the fabric manufacturing process since a majority of the textile materials are constructed with yarns. Without yarn classification you can not define what type of yarn it is. To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. Yarn types 3. The final result is usually a knitted fabric with different color stripes. Different types of Sashay Yarn and Caron yarn are types of acrylic yarn. Welcome! Types of Yarn. Once you’ve gained a bit more experience though, it’s better to use natural fibers. Also, a number of techniques are used for producing fabrics such as weaving, knitting, and felting. The yarn thickness determines the final look and dimensions of the knitted project. Types of defects in textile yarn: Generally, the three main types of yarn are: 1. The most diverse yarn type as it can be used in all types of fabric from knit to woven Compact-spun yarn Yarns made on compact spinning, which is a modified ring-spinning system in which fibers are aerodynamically condensed to reduce hairiness and improve yarn strength Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. Yarns are made from a group of fibers twisted together to form a continuous strand. Yarn Production : Types, Characteristics of Yarn, Properties To convert textile fibers into fabrics some type of fiber arrangement is required. Take a close look at your clothing or at the rows of bright yarns in a craft store. Those are- Indirect yarn count- Metric, Worsted, English. #1 on the chart! Precision in Chemistry, Quiz & Worksheet - Portuguese and Spanish Explorers & Empires, Sam Brannan and the Gold Rush: Biography & History. Such yarns made from single yarns of 20 counts are shown in writing as 20’s/3, 20’s/4 or 3/20’s, 4/20’s etc. A wide variety of types of yarns in textile options are available to you, such as embroidery, hand knitting, and knitting. Also, a yarn is a textile product of substantial length and relatively small cross-section consisting of fibers with twist and/or filaments without twist. It produces chunky fabric accessories and comes from a special breed of sheep known as the Merino sheep. In this article, we’ll be taking a look at the different types of yarn that you can find in the market, yarn weights, and the knitting projects they are best suited for. Blended yarns make cozy knitted items. Thus, creating more obstruction of dye liquor. study 0 Long Staple Spinning 0 Woolen and Worsted yarns 0 Single filament 0 Multifilament 2. 100% acrylic is the type of yarn for yarn braids. Animal fiber-based yarns. According to textile institute, yarn count is a number which indicates the length per unit mass of yarn or mass per unit length of yarn. This is often used to make delicate shawls with a lace pattern. In both cases, the fibers are spun into yarn with the help of a spinning wheel to produce the final yarn. yarn is “a type of composite yarn made by wrapping a spun or filament yarn around a core of bundled fibers or another yarn. The word “Cashmere” was used to spell the old State of Kashmir, South Asia from the earlier days. courses that prepare you to earn Super bulky yarns are used to knit hats in a very fast process. Thus, creating more obstruction of dye liquor. Really, it is very interesting that many types of dye use in textile & garments industry. Combed Yarn: Combed yarn is one of the superior qualities of yarn. Merino wool. Some yarns are made to create decorative or special effects, like novelty yarns. They are produced by false twist texturizing or by edge crimping using only one heating zone. Remember to ensure that the dye-lot numbers match when you’re buying more than one ball of yarn for knitting on the same project. It's made of fabric with many woven textile yarns. double-covered . Generally, the following are the types of yarn you will find being sold today: Wool yarn is a wonderful choice for winter clothing accessories. They are excellent for those who want to spend the shortest time creating knitted projects. Topics examine the advances in textile yarn spinning, modification of textile yarn structures, yarn hairiness and its reduction and coatings for technical textile yarns. Yarn is “a generic term for a continuous strand of textile fibers, filaments, or material in a form suitable for knitting, weaving, or otherwise intertwining to form a textile fabric. Did you know… We have over 220 college There are 2 forms of yarns, spun yarns and thread like yarns. Quiz & Worksheet - What Are Textile Yarns? Different types of Sashay Yarn and Caron yarn are types of acrylic yarn. Furthermore, the feel of the fiber will determine the care instructions and how to wash them. Yarn types 3. Yarns are classed based on fiber length and method of processing 4. Several fibers are used to make different types of yarn needed for knitting and crocheting. Tweed- Features a main color that is flecked with bits of differently-colored fibers. Get access risk-free for 30 days, If you plan to make use of a different yarn brand, it’s always crucial that you select the same type of yarn weight and fiber used in the pattern. However, you should know that the fiber tends to twist and spin whenever you’re knitting with it. Cotton’s breathability makes it an ideal fabric for knitting summer garments, scrubbies, and dishcloths. This includes information such as weight, content, amount, gauge, recommended needle size, care instructions, dye-lot number, etc. #4 on the chart! It’s always wise to spend within your budget. In case you choose to go with a different type of fiber, you should know that the final result might feel and even look different from the pattern. Yarn many enhance good fiber performance or partially compensate for poor fiber performance. Faux fur- These are extra fluffy fiber strands on a strong nylon thread base. Abstract: In each application area of technical textiles, advances continue and technical yarn coatings are also in the same queue. This topic is a summary of the key content covered in the Module; Understanding Textile Fibres, Yarns, and Fabrics from the Diploma Course in Fashion Design. The fabric has a very soft feel, as well as a wonderful drape. Organic wool yarns are cleaned using hot water and detergent only. Textile fibers are generally classified as natural textile fibers and man-made fibers. Yarn Weight- This refers to the total thickness of the yarn and is usually expressed as wraps per inch (WPI). The final result is normally chunky and bulky but makes for a comfortable scarf or cowl. There are benefits and negatives for each type of fiber and yarn, but with such a wide … 4. Generally, a set number of yarns are used for the formation of fabrics. lessons in math, English, science, history, and more. Woven Fabric. Yarns with low twist are napped in flannel fabrics and blankets. Bamboo is ideally used in making garments that require drape. Spun yarn is a kind of yarn made by gathering together a bundle of the staple by spinning the spindles at a very high speed to twist the staples together to form a piece of yarn. Not sure what college you want to attend yet? New yarn types are still being invented. A blend with 50% wool and 50% cotton makes a great yarn since these yarns have qualities that complement each other. The animals have not been exposed to drenches, dips, antibiotics, or back lining. The yarn may inspire your project idea and push you towards starting a knitting project. They can be made of short pieces of hair called fibers or long strands of material called filaments. The majority of organic yarns are sourced from Merino sheep and the wool is mostly used for knitting garments. 3. Yarn, Textile a thin, flexible, durable, rather long cord used in the manufacture of woven, knitted, and nonwoven fabrics. Within these classifications are many types of yarn, like blended yarns that are made by combining threads of different materials, and cord yarns made of multiple ply-yarns twisted together. - Definition, Types, & Examples, Introduction to Textiles & the Textile Industry, Biological and Biomedical The plys yarn in which the effect yarn is twisted around the base yarn to produce a thicker area or a bump is called nub, knot or spot yarn. Plant fiber-based yarns. Remember that numerous types of yarn come with different price tags. Yarn history: Natural fibers—cotton, flax, silk, and wool—represent the major fibers available to ancient civilizations. Essentially, you’re just waiting to see the outcome, which could either be neat or uneven. It also comes with fire-retardant characteristics and that’s why you’ll find it being used in fire blankets. Different Types of Yarn Count in Textile: There are mainly two types of yarn count. #6 on the chart! 100% bamboo fiber yarn was developed in 2002. Each variation impacts the qualities of the yarn and its use. The yarn is an excellent choice for newbie knitters who are interested in creating something fun and colorful. The number that comes before the “PLY” doesn’t necessarily determine the thickness of the yarn for crochet. When it comes to types of yarn, there are really three main sources: plant based, animal based, and man made (synthetic). It can also be made with synthetic, or man-made, fibers created from a variety of substances like nylon, acrylic, and polyester. and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. # 5 on the chart! Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. It’s always essential to check the yarn gauge. Cotton is produced by the cotton plants. Sustainable Solutions. Just as the name suggests, this yarn is created from a combination of wool and other yarns such as silk, cotton, and synthetic. It is also known as Cobweb, Thread, Light Fingering Yarn. There are many different yarn types available. Yarns and Classification of yarns. You can test out of the Other types of yarns are used to create decorative or surface effects. This means it will take fiber collected from close to four animals just to knit a sweater. Heather- Blended from dyed or different-colored fleeces, then spun together. Direct yarn count- Denier, Tex, Pounds per spindle. This is the first yarn type on the chart. It cleans up easily and is color-fast, making it a nice choice for amateur knitters. 2. Those are- Indirect yarn count- Metric, Worsted, English. You have to remember, the yarns which shrink when wet will increase in diameter. Angora is sourced from a type of a rabbit (note that there is also Angora sourced from a goat species) that requires to be groomed and the fibers cut from the rabbit. Here is the types of novelty yarn in textile spinning discussed bellow. Specialty yarns are knitted to create items with unique looks as follows: Specialty yarns are great for adding interest and texture to your knitted fabrics. Some yarns are a mix of natural and synthetic threads. Jumbo and Rovings fall under this category. Fabrics can also be made differently based on the end-usage. These yarns are sourced directly from domesticated animals and include yarn types such as Cashmere, Angora, Merino wool, and silk. The sheep that produce organic yarn are usually thought to be happy and healthy. You see, the goats shed their undercoat once annually. Bamboo can also be softer than silk when it’s spun into yarn. first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Textile - Textile - Production of yarn: Yarn is a strand composed of fibres, filaments (individual fibres of extreme length), or other materials, either natural or synthetic, suitable for use in the construction of interlaced fabrics, such as woven or knitted types. Normally, this type of yarn contains more neps and more short fibre. Generally, the softest yarn is that which has been processed to reinforce its properties. These HT8 high-tenacity staple fibers offer unique high tensile strengths without compromising on elongation. Monofilament yarn comprises one filament, and multi-filament consists of more than one filament. Textile yarn can be made with natural fibers from substances such as wool from sheep, silk from silkworms, or cotton and linen from plants. Bamboo is a natural fiber. It’s just like magic! Choose a color that best suits the person you’re knitting the project for. Yarn, Textile a thin, flexible, durable, rather long cord used in the manufacture of woven, knitted, and nonwoven fabrics. It features sport and baby weight and is a great all-rounder when it comes to the making of scarves, socks, cardigans, hats, and sweaters. Yarns are classed based on … 2. imaginable degree, area of The amount of fiber produced by one goat will only make about 4oz once it’s been processed. Textile also refers to the yarns, threads and wools that can be spun, woven, tufted, tied and otherwise used to manufacture cloth . These yarns are sourced directly from domesticated animals and include yarn types such as Cashmere, Angora, Merino wool, and silk. Probably the most common method is to convert fibers into yarns, which are then constructed into fabrics. To put it in perspective, Fabric is made from yarns and yarn is made from fibers. The rope size, type (laid, plaited or braid), and available twisting machinery are the determinants of … Textile also refers to the yarns, threads and wools that can be spun, woven, tufted, tied and otherwise used to manufacture cloth . Already registered? This fabric is quite easy to work with, although it can also be very slippery. It can also be cleaned rather easily when it gets stained and this is why so many knitters around the world prefer this natural yarn fiber over others. This yarn should not be confused with lightweight yarn-slightly thicker. Marl yarn: This yarn is produced from wool that hasn’t come into contact with any chemicals. The Different Types of Yarn – And the 3 Main Yarn Categories. What Is Textile Yarn? Thread is a type of yarn intended for sewing by hand or machine.Modern manufactured sewing threads may be finished with wax or other lubricants to withstand the stresses involved in sewing. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. An assemblage of fibres that is twisted or laid together so as to form a continuous strand that can be made into a textile fabric. According to textile institute, yarn count is a number which indicates the length per unit mass of yarn or mass per unit length of yarn. © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. Our sales team provides both technical skills … This is because the yarn balls may appear the same color to the naked eye when they are different colors. When two or more cord yarns are twisted together, they make rope. Classification of Yarn According to Yarn Structure: 4. Cashmere is very soft and is not known to be itchy. Fiber Content- The material used in the yarn and this is expressed as a percentage e.g. Synthetic fibers yarns. Textile fibers refer to filaments or threads which are woven, knitted, matted or bound to be used to make fabrics for different purposes. TYPES OF YARNS PROPERTIES END APPLICATION NATIONAL INSITUTE OF FASHIION TECHONOLOGY (CHENNAI) Tina dhingra MFTECH 2. Novelty yarns are available in different types of colors and textures. Silk is also strong and shiny. The fibers used to create these yarns include animal fibers, plant fibers and synthetic fibers. Superfine is often used in making fabrics like socks, sweaters, hats, mittens, etc. This way, you’ll know just what to look for the next time you decide to embark on a knitting project. There are three categories: For example, Jumbo yarn, which is relatively new in the yarn family, is extra thick and used for Arm knitting. A fiber is a small short piece of hair. Care Instructions- This provides knitters with information on how to wash (either by hand or machine), as well as dry your knitted fabrics (air dried or tumble dried). Composite Yarns Covered . Over 83,000 lessons in all major subjects, {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}}, Smart Textiles: Materials, Products & Examples, Sustainability in Textiles: Definition & Design, What are Synthetic Fibers? TEXTILE FILAMENT YARNS . It’s an ideal pick for knitting clothing accessories such as socks, gloves, jumpers, etc. Types of yarns Staple fiber yarn Filament yarn 0 Short staple Spinning 0 Open end yarn, 0 Ring spun yarn. It also offers a great stitch definition and is hard-wearing. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. Alibaba.com offers 6,698 types of yarns in textile products. There are many tutorials on the internet where you can learn to produce one. The Ply count will also factor into this and may range from the heaviest to the finest weight (between Ply 1 and Ply 14). Yarn guides are the one of the helping instrument to control the yarn path. A filament is a long strand of a single substance. It spots the feel and looks of a craft ribbon. 's' : ''}}. Also, consider how often you’re going to use the item to see how long it will be able to last. Can you tell what classification and type of yarn they might be? A gimp yarn is a compound yarn which consists of twisted core with an effect yarn wrapped around it so as to produce wavy projections on the surface. TYPES OF YARNS & APPLICATION& PROPERTIES 1. Second to oil, the textile industry is one of the largest contributors to harmful environmental effects. - Definition & Process, Textile Industry: Significance & Advantages, Chemicals & Dyes Used in the Textile Industry, Sewing Pattern Symbols & Their Definition, What is Geotextile Fabric? The answer to this question may boil down to an individual’s definition of what "soft" is. credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You might have to put extra effort to find stitches and patterns that are compatible with the self-stripping yarn you decide to use. Plain weave. Yarn is “a generic term for a continuous strand of textile fibers, filaments, or material in a form suitable for knitting, weaving, or otherwise intertwining to form a textile fabric. On the other hand, Cashmere comes from a special species of goat found mostly In China and Mongolia and is plucked from the coat of the animal. This yarn is manufactured on an open-end machine( rottor spinning machine). 80% Merion wool, 20% Cashmere, 50% Angora. The lengthwise edges of the fabric are the selvages. The usual length of the staple of any kind, such as wool, ramie, or any type of … #7 on the chart! There are two kinds of Alpaca yarn; Suri and Huacaya. It is taken from sheep with no artificial additions. It has a shiny appearance and feels quite soft on the skin. Alpaca wool is preferred for knitting winter fabrics thanks to its soft and warm properties. Knitting For Seniors: What are the benefits? Unlike sheep where the wool is shorn from the animal, Cashmere Goat undercoat is combed and collected; a labor-intensive exercise that also requires a good amount of time. It produces great scarves, gloves, hats, sweaters, and other pieces of garment. Create your account. Ideal for: Beginners Knitters attempting their first projects like scarves. Different patterns and stitches will also help to blend in the colorways differently. Thick-thin- The final knitted fabric spots a bumpy look as a result of thick and thin sections. All textile yarn is classified according to structure, or how they are made. This should also encompass the functions it will have. While some yarn kinds come from animals, others are created from plants. Cotton. On the downside, wool can be slightly itchy, especially for individuals who are allergic to some types of wool. Anyone can earn Mohair offers excellent moisture evaporation and insulating properties. Barnet is a global supplier of synthetic filament yarns for all types of textile and semi-technical applications such as NARROW and BROAD Woven FABRICS, CIRCULAR and WARP KNIT Fabrics. Textile yarns are strands of materials used to make textiles. They add interest to any knitted garment. Alibaba.com offers 6,698 types of yarns in textile products.

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