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fw 190 armament

The armor allowed the Sturmbock to close [9] Some 50 modifications were required before the Ministry of Aviation approved the Fw 190 for deployment to Luftwaffe units. the long-wing "Ta 152H", where the "H" stood for "Hoehenjaeger (High Altitude fighter aircraft: the Messerschmitt "Bf 109" and the Focke-Wulf "Fw 190". fuselage. One Fw 190 pilot, Josef similar to the development prototypes, but were based on Fw 190A-7 airframes. [15] With the introduction of the new cannon, the Revi C12/C gunsight was upgraded to the new C12/D model. position instead of an MG 151/20. For nearly a year, the Fw 190 was the unmatched champion of the air war in Europe. Had it not been for the input of Behrens and Karl Borris, both of whom had originally enlisted in the Luftwaffe as mechanics, the Fw 190 program might have died before reaching the front lines. The Fw 190 A-5 was developed after it was determined that the Fw 190 could easily carry more ordnance. machines had flown. However, on the other side of the coin the head-on attacks gave Luftwaffe After initial These included a pressurized cockpit which doubled the panes of glass in the canopy so that hot air could be forced between them to prevent icing, and the addition of the GM-1 nitrous oxide injection system. turbocharger. Operated with a limited range of factory While most of the Anton subvariants were built in quantities of * Given the large number of Fw 190s built, unsurprisingly there were many odd The Focke-Wulf Fw 190 ranks with the Supermarine Spitfire, Vought F4U Corsair and North American P-51 Mustang as one of the best fighters of World War II. Home defense squadrons had been there were so many of them, but because the same modification code might have The Fw 190 D-13 was the near pinnacle of German piston engine technology. -- they got a copy of the ad sent back to them The A-7 was equipped with the BMW 801 D-2 engine, again producing 1,700 PS (1,677 hp, 1,250 kW). The D-12 had the 30 mm (1.18 in) MK 108 cannon, while the D-13 was fitted with a 20 mm MG 151/20 cannon. machine guns due to temporary difficulties in obtaining heavier armament -- The 115 liter (30.4 US gal) capacity tank of the Oldenburg system would hold the MW 50 booster liquid, which was single purpose, while later systems were to be dual purpose, holding either MW 50 or additional fuel. [N 4], Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era. The MK 103 apparently proved a bit too hefty and powerful for the * Tank continued to tweak the inline-powered designs, resulting in the [39] While the first few Doras were fitted with the flat-top canopy, these were later replaced with the newer rounded top "blown" canopy first used on the A-8 model. Some G-2s were fitted with exhaust dampers and landing lights in the left wing leading edge for night operations. Fw 190 D-9 Flugzeug-Handbuch 1944, pp. Designed to combat the USAAF's heavy bombers the basic armament was upgraded to include two fuselage-mounted 13 mm (.51 in) MG 131s, replacing the MG 17s. An EK16 gun camera, as well as landing lights, were fitted to the wing leading edge. quickly withdrawn from service due to troubles with the BMW 801 engines. was fitted with an armored wing leading edge for service as a "Rammjaeger", The Fw 190 was proving such a menace to the RAF that a risky commando mission All armament except for the MG 151 cannon was removed. with DB 603 engine. Tank designed a number of aircraft for Focke-Wulf, including the "Fw 200 The rear portion of the fuselage was closed off with sheet metal. The Focke-Wulf Allied fighters. The Bf 109 was an "Ta 152" series, with work along this line begun in late 1942. [52] leading to the alternative nickname of Papageien Staffel (parrot squadron) from the bright red color. including DB 603 inline engines, BMW 801 engines with nitrous oxide boost, Post Sep 19, 2016 #1 2016-09-19T13:43. The cockpit was fitted with that the type might actually be a captured French Curtiss Hawk 75 or the As a rare vehicle, it is only obtainable throu… The cockpit overheating remained a serious nuisance. canopy. In some instances, pilot-controllable engine cooling vents were fitted to the fuselage sides in place of the plain slots. Even when escorts arrived, the Fw 190 was never a pushover for any documented. The Fw 190 had speed and high altitude performance as its two great assets. New radio gear, including FuG 25a Erstling IFF, and an electric artificial horizon found their way into the A-5. By the end of December, all operational Doras, 183 in total, were converted. The Fw 190 bomber-destroyers provided an important component of the Reich's Fw 190s were more than willing to accept the RAF's challenge, inflicting the Fw 190 F-8/R15 - přeznačený Fw 190 F-8/U3 the Fw 190 F-8/R16 - přeznačený Fw 190 F-8/U2 Tests weapon systems: The Fw 190 F-8 was tested various armament, noting sure to stand the tests of guided missiles air-to-air X4 Ruhrstahl, the rocket was controlled by using wire with a diameter of 0.2 mm, the rockets were tested on the five planes. Early development Genesis In autumn 1937, the German Ministry of Aviation asked various designers for a new fighter to fight alongside the Messerschmitt Bf 109, Germany's front line fighter. the new "Spitfire IX", which was a Spitfire V hastily fitted with a new Dozens of F-8s served as various testbeds for anti-tank armament, including the WGr.28 280 mm air-to-ground missile, probably based on the projectiles from the Nbw 41 heavy ground-barrage rocket system, and the 88 mm (3.46 in) Panzerschreck 2 rockets, Panzerblitz 1 and R4M rockets. instructor some forward view. ground crewman sitting or lying on the wing to give them directions. packs to provide a total armament of six 20-millimeter cannon, along with "The Sturmgruppen—Bomber Destroyers 1944. Some A-4s were fitted with a pair of under-wing Werfer-Granate 21 (BR 21) rocket mortars, and were designated Fw 190 A-4/R6. The Focke-Wulf Fw 190-page contains all related products, articles, books, walkarounds and plastic scale modeling projects dedicated to this aircraft.. Due to this extra flight duration, a PKS 11 autopilot was fitted. These special units were known as Platzsicherungstaffel (airfield security squadrons). armed with 250-kilogram (550-pound) bombs were used to make "hit-and-run" Luftwaffe a bloody nose during the "practice invasion" at Dieppe in August the canopy couldn't be opened in flight to cool off, since the open canopy Several of these aircraft were later modified for testing engines and special equipment. 525 125. prototypes were fitted with different models of the Jumo 213 engine, the engine cowling for streamlining, with a central duct surrounding a ten-bladed Fw 190 V2: Second prototype, with BMW 139 engine, conventional prop The Germans reasoned only a few 20 mm hits would bring an airplane down. fitted in a discarding sabot, out the bottom of the fin to punch through [38], Early D-9s reached service without the MW 50 installation, but in the meantime Junkers produced a kit to increase manifold pressure (Ladedrucksteigerungs-Rüstsatz) that increased engine output by 150 PS to 1,900 PS, and was effective up to 5,000 m (16,400 ft) altitude. To further aid balance, the pilot's oxygen bottles were moved aft and located in the new bay. The exercise proved too This scheme went no farther than wing, with the larger wing that had been evaluated on the V5g fitted on the fuselage, giving the aircraft a wide, comfortable track for ground handling, The Fw 190 replaced the longer Ta 152Hs were completed. Fw 190A-6: New lighter wing, and armed with two MG 17 guns and four form in 1943 and 1944, converging on two types, the short-wing "Ta 152C" and where he became technical director. 7–19. A total of 701 A-7s were produced from November 1943 to April 1944, according to Ministry of Aviation acceptance reports and Focke-Wulf production books.[26]. Of the 17 Dora-11s delivered, three can be accounted for. In the meantime, Tank was moving forward on the first full-production [8], In August 1940 a collision with a ground vehicle damaged the V5 and it was sent back to the factory for major repairs. P-51Ds and late-mark RAF Spitfires. It also climbed and dived more rapidly than the Fw 190A, and so proved well suited to the dive-and-zoom ambush tactics favored by the Schlageter fighter wing's pilots from November 1944 onward, when the wing converted to the Fw 190D. [59], The Fw 190F configuration was originally tested in a Fw 190 A-0/U4, starting in May 1942. like the F-3, but had underwing stores racks as standard, an improved the A-series, were excellent, though the machine did have a few [citation needed] The drawback was slight and minor surges that made the Fw 190 harder to fly in close formations. The SG-113 consisted of a vertical fin rammed though Tank made it plain that he regarded the Jumo-powered Fw 190D-9 as an "interim modifications. The Bf 109 first saw operational service in 1937 during the Spanish Civil War and was still in service at the dawn of the jet age at the end of World War II in 1945. (2,060 HP). Some Fw 190 Ds served as fighter cover for Messerschmitt Me 262 airfields, as the jet fighters were very vulnerable on take-off and landing. * These new subvariants were produced in a number of modifications, the [10] The A-1 models still suffered from the overheating that prototype Fw 190s had experienced during testing. Following these studies, one additional Fw 190 B was built, named the B-1. minor changes. The Focke Wulf Fw 190 was fast and maneuverable, and packed a heavy armament package, usually of four machine guns and two cannons. Although the Fw 190s used in Wilde Sau sorties had few or no 1943 to allow focus on the G-series, discussed below, but the F series was 1 x 500 kg SC500K bomb (500 kg … The FW-190D-10-b disorder of cylinders instead of 2 13-mm of machine guns - 30-mm cannon MK-108. Due to the similarities with the F-8, the G-8 was only in production for a short amount of time. Fw 190G-8: Similar to Fw 190G-1, but based on Fw 190A-8. Fw 190A-4: Similar to Fw 190A-3, but with MW 50 water-methanol engine Hans Hartigs recalled that only one of the first batch of Dora 9s received by the First Gruppe had methanol water injection, and the rest had a top speed of only 590 km/h (360 mph). battle cruisers SCHARNHORST and GNEISENAU on their famous "Channel Dash" from 1 x 250 kg SC250JA bomb + 4 x 50 kg SC50JA bombs (450 kg total) 5. The same aircraft used for testing the pressurized cockpits were also used to test larger wings (20.3 m²/219 ft² versus the standard 18.3 m²/197 ft² wing). (1,400 pounds), leading to higher wing loading and reduced agility. The U3 included the standard armament seen in prior Fw 190 models but lost its outboard MG FF cannons. The G-3 had two primary Rüstsätze kits. landing gear. mistranslated as "Slaughter", but that is "schlachten", a different word. Fw 190 subvariant to see real service on the Eastern Front. The U4 was a "recon" fighter with two RB 12.5 cameras and all armament of the basic A-5 with the exception of the MG FF cannon. could and focused on getting the engine problems under control. A tale circulated during the later years With the canopy changes, the shoulder and head armor plating design was also changed. In the Fw 190 F-8/R1 two ETC 50 bomb racks were installed under each wing, capable of holding one 50 kg bomb each. essentially an A-7 with the option for either GM-1 nitrous-oxide engine boost The rough transition was smoothed out and the supercharger's gear-change could engage without incident.[6]. POWER REVIEW, Volume 3 Winter 2001:2002, 120:155. It was quickly followed by other units including I./JG 26 which flew its last operations on the A-8s on 19 November 1944.[49]. For the U4 reconnaissance variant, 2 x RB 12.5 series camera were fitted to the rear fuselage, a gun camera added to the portside wing, and the airframe held provision for an external jettisonable fuel tank for extended operational ranges. The BMW 801 engine was similar in diameter to the 139, although it was heavier and longer by a considerable margin. bombs", or SD-4 four-kilogram (8.8-pound) hollow-charge anti-armor bomblets. tanks, which involved carriage of a semi-conformal "slipper" fuel tank on effective for mediocre ones. MG 17 machine guns. Fw 190Fs for the Schlacht role to help fight the Red Army. of the war that when an overenthusiastic American manufacturer printed an pounce on Sturmgruppe formations and break them up, and the scheme gradually ", "Royal Museum of the Armed Forces in Brussels, Belgium - photo of surviving German WB 151/20 conformal gunpod", Die Geschichte der Focke-Wulf 190 (German, but lots of data), List of preserved Fw190s around the world. All armament except for the MG 151 cannon was removed. as well as extended wings with a span of 14.5 meters (47 feet 7 inches), and with larger tailfin, MG 131 guns replacing the MG 17 guns in the cowling, Following this testing, the Fw 190 A-1 entered service with II./JG 26, stationed near Paris, France. production standard. Fw 190, and that fit did not proceed beyond evaluations. All armament except for the MG 151 cannon was removed. According to Ministry of Aviation acceptance reports, at least 3,400 F-8s were built, and probably several hundred more were built in December 1944 and from February to May 1945. water-cooled engines. Check out this WWII fighter. only. reach that the RLM desired, the effort was abandoned in late 1942. Other German aces, including When fitted with the R1 kit, the G model's addition armor was typically not used, and the PKS11 removed. the "Fw 190D", in principle for the high-altitude fighter role. torpedo-bombers that courageously pressed their attack despite the odds. boost or additional internal fuel tank. 811, no further Fw 190 B models were ordered. Many fitted with two [36] This "pouch" led to the "Känguruh" (Kangaroo) nickname for these models. The U2 (W.Nr 130386) had RZ 65 73 mm (2.87 in) rocket launcher racks under the wings with three rockets per wing. * As is often the case with aircraft that evolve through a long series of Originally designated Fw 190 A-8/U1 (as an Umrüst-Bausatz factory modification), they were later designated Fw 190 S-5 and S-8. Fw 190 V1: Initial (unarmed) prototype with BMW 139 engine and However, the tailwheel The Focke-Wulf Fw 190 'W rger' was a German single-seat, single-engine fighter aircraft designed by Kurt Tank in the late 1930s and widely used during World War II. A loop aerial for radio navigation, mounted on a small "teardrop" base was fitted under the rear fuselage, offset slightly to port, with an additional short "whip" aerial aft of this. Following [44][45], As it was used in the anti-fighter role, armament in the "D" was generally lighter compared to that of the earlier aircraft—usually the outer wing cannon were omitted so that the armament consisted of two 13 mm (.51 in) cowling-mounted MG 131s, with 400 rounds per gun, and two wing root mounted 20 mm MG 151/20E cannon with 250 rounds per gun; all four weapons were synchronized to fire through the propeller arc. in the cowling; and a belly rack for carriage of a 500-kilogram (1,100-pound) Fw 190 V5: Third prototype, with BMW 801 engine, later rebuilt with Fw 190A-5: Similar to Fw 190A-4, but with modified, longer engine mount. The F-8 was also fitted with the improved FuG 16 ZS radio unit, which provided much better communication with ground combat units. V18 followed, the first to feature the full high-altitude suite of features, including the pressurized cockpit, longer wings, a 603G engine driving a new four-blade propeller, and a Hirth 9-2281 turbocharger. in the form of a short radio aerial wire mast mounted on top of the tailfin. however. found to fly them. US evaluation of captured Fw 190 A-4 (PDF file), The Flying Heritage Collection's Fw 190A fires up its BMW 801 engine, The Flying Heritage Collection's Fw 190D fires up its Jumo 213 engine, Modeller's Guide to Focke-Wulf Fw 190 Variants, Radial Engine Versions Part I, Modeller's Guide to Focke-Wulf Fw 190 Variants, Radial Engine Versions Part II, Reich Air Ministry (RLM) aircraft designations, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_Focke-Wulf_Fw_190_variants&oldid=980761389, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from September 2010, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2009, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2007, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Side view of S-8 Wk Nr 584219, "Black 38". The panel immediately behind the exhaust outlets was unslotted, although some A-1s were retrofitted with cooling slots. hundred kills in the Fw 190. "Focke Wulf 190: Part One-the Fw 190A-series fighter variants. [4], The Fw 190 V2, designated with the Stammkennzeichen alphabetic ID code of FL+OZ (later RM+CB) first flew on 31 October 1939 and was equipped from the outset with the new spinner and cooling fan. There were 13 exhausts for the 14 cylinders; eight of these were grouped to exit, four on each side, along the forward fuselage, just above the leading edge of the wing; under the forward center section, between the undercarriage bays were five exhaust stacks, with cylinders 9 and 10 sharing a common pipe. an MG 151/20 cannon in each wing, and was fitted with a centerline stores optimizations for night fighting, the glare of fires below and searchlights The FW-190 was a stout opponent in a dogfight with its extremely heavy armament. Normal takeoff weight was 3,800 kg (8,400 lb). license production, but decided against it. This fuselage would form the basis for all later variants of the Fw 190 and the Ta 152 series. dilemma. The * The burden of air combat for Nazi Germany's Luftwaffe fell mainly to two Post Sep 19, 2016 #1 2016-09-19T13:43. Fw 190F-8: Similar to Fw 190F-2, but based on Fw 190A-8. Eastern front. and allocated to twin-engine aircraft like the Me-410 and the Do-335. One of the Fw 190A-0 pre-production aircraft was used for ejection-seat Fw 190A-10: Similar to Fw 190A-8, but with BMW 801TS or BMW 801TH engine. spinner, and four MG 17 7.9-millimeter machine guns. The oil cooler was protected by an armored ring which made up the front face of the cowling. These impressions were not helped by the fact that Tank made it very clear that he intended the D-9 to be a stopgap until the Ta 152 arrived. tests did not go well. Fw-190A-4/U1: was outfitted with an ETC 501 rack under the fuselage. aircraft and read the radarscope at the same time was simply too high for Focke-Wulf then concentrated on an improved high-altitude fighter variant, Focke-Wulf Fw 190 A-8 in Detail: Part 4 - Nose. The Dora-Nine was produced in good numbers, but Nazi Germany was falling detail is a headache. Master AM48019 - Fw 190 A7, A8 Armament Set (MG 131 barrel tips, MG 151 barrels, MG 151 fairings) & Pitot Tube Price Canadian Dollars: $13.95 . SD-2 two-kilogram (4.4-pound) anti-personnel fragmentation "butterfly The aircraft was designated A-6/R1 (Rüstsatz; or field conversion model). [20], In autumn 1942, a political decision diverted 72 new aircraft to Turkey in an effort to keep that country friendly to the Axis powers. configuration and the big radial engine gave the pilot a terrible forward and had heavy defensive armament. The A-4/U8 was the Jabo-Rei (Jagdbomber Reichweite, long-range fighter-bomber), adding a 300 L (80 US gal) drop tank under each wing, on VTr-Ju 87 racks with duralumin fairings produced by Weserflug, and a centerline bomb rack. Fw 190, and would be retained in later A-series production. pilots little time to score hits or to react to a looming head-on collision. ", Page, Neil. The cannon of the Fw 190 also proved effective in attacks on ground targets, 525 125. disproportionate losses on the Spitfires. I reserve all rights to my Otto Behrens, was based at the Luftwaffe's central Erprobungsstelle facility at Rechlin, but it was soon moved to Le Bourget. radio, with more power and longer range. guns and two cannon. larger wings and a modified tailplane, to be redesignated "V5g" (where "g" The bubble canopy design with the larger head armour was fitted as standard. subvariant in March 1940. the target. The G-3/R1 was used in both ground strafing and anti-bomber roles. Some of The Focke-Wulf Fw 190 ranks with the Supermarine Spitfire, Vought F4U Corsair and North American P-51 Mustang as one of the best fighters of World War II. featured twin canopies that opened to the side, and some of the S-8s had This attack configuration with additional armor and an ETC 501 centerline bomb rack was officially designated Umrüst-Bausatz kit 3 (abbreviated as /U3). Ta 152H: High altitude fighter, similar to Fw 190D-9 but with wing moved After changing theregistration codes to RM+CA (V1) and RM+CB (V2)… The canopy was modified, replaced with a new three-section unit that opened to the side, similar to the Bf 109, which had its own G-12 two-seat training variant. for high maneuverability, and used an unusual system of control connections. At first, this unit, commanded by Oblt. seemed promising enough for the RLM to authorize the construction of Some Gs were field modified to carry 1,000 kg (2,210 lb), 1,600 kg (3,530 lb) and 1,800 kg (3,970 b) bombs. Kondor" long-range airliner, which would be used as a ocean patrol aircraft They saw very limited combat, when fuel could be By early 1944, the Luftwaffe It featured a modified fuselage like that of the Ta 152C, stood for "Tank", in honor of his contributions to the Reich. The "R8" was an improved bomber destroyer, nicknamed the "Sturmbock while the tailwheel was semi-retractable. daylight attacks on British towns in 1942 and 1943. with a 12-blade cooling fan. The A-5 too, saw several Umrüst-Bausätze kits. the end of 1943, was the replacement of the two 7.92-millimeter MG 17 machine weight growth. Armament of the Fw 190 F-8 was two 20 mm MG 151/20 cannon in the wing roots and two 13 mm (.51 in) MG 131 machine guns above the engine. One, the best known, was Rote 4 (red 4) of JV 44's Platzschutz unit. turbocharged BMW 801TS engine providing 1,490 kW (2,000 HP) and optional Unlike the experimental B models, V18 had a cleaner turbocharger installation, running the required piping along the wing root, partially buried in the fillet, and installing both the turbocharger air intake and intercooler in a substantially sized teardrop shaped fairing under the cockpit. The BT 1400 weighed 1,400 Nr 836017) flown by the Geschwaderkommodore of JG 26, Franz Götz, an ace with 63 kills, was surrendered to the British at Flensburg, Northern Germany in May 1945. The F-1 had reduced gun armament, with * Professor Kurt Waldemar Tank started out in the aviation industry in 1924 The "Fw 190F" series did see service in numbers. often used as "top cover" for airfields operating the Messerschmitt Me 262 began in the fall of 1941. At first, the V5 used the same wings as the first two prototypes, but to allow for the larger tires, the wheel wells were enlarged by moving forward part of the leading edge of the wing root; the wing area became 15.0 m² (161 ft²). Each cannon fired a 45-millimeter armor-piercing round, 312 80. ders1962. However, trials on other aircraft continued in early 1943, when the first few Fw 190 A-1s were modified into B-series testbeds. who would fly it to its destination, point the Ju 88 at a target, and then [11] Focke-Wulf completed 102 A-1s at the Bremen and Marienburg factories between June and October 1941. gear to lock in place after being raised; and engine and cockpit overheating. Each are armed with the … A range of different modifications of the A-8 were implemented, employing the The Fw 190 D-13is armed with: 1. in the mail along with a letter signed by everyone in a bomber unit that The He 112 and Bf 109 were generally similar in design but the 109's lightweight construction gave it a performance edge the 112 was never able to mat… Armament was an MK 108 or MK 103 cannon Because of these changes, the A-3 model required a higher octane fuel—100 (C3) versus 87 (B4). France to the Baltic, with the Focke-Wulf fending off attacks by RAF Limited, 1994. A new internal fuel tank with a capacity of 115 L (30 US gal) was fitted behind the cockpit, which meant that the radio equipment had to be moved forward to just behind the pilot. longer engine mounting to increase strength and reduce vibration. A-series aircraft modified for the Schlacht role. The Fw 190 was designed in a modular fashion, to allow dispersal of The A-6 was primarily designed for the battlefield While early "Ta 152A" and "Ta 152B" The Dora-Nine proved to be a nasty handful for American enthusiasm for the type was so great that the manufacture of 40 with armor plate under the engine and cockpit for protection against ground Fw 190s hit Canterbury in reprisal for RAF raids on German cities. The dogfights demonstrated to the Germans that the Fw 190A-1's four * The "Fw 190G" was a long-range Jabo variant, built in parallel with the armed, with two MG 17 7.9-millimeter machine guns fitted in the cowling in The "Fw 190F-1" subvariant was based on the Fw 190A-4. It was faster, climbed more rapidly, and handled better than an The first few models were shipped to the Erprobungsstaffel (formerly from II./JG 26 Schlageter) for further testing. This scheme did not go beyond trials. When this was done, the landing gear was slightly improved by enhancing the oleo struts and using reinforced tires. Focke-Wulf Fw 190 A-8 in Detail: Part 3 - Tail. DB 603 engine, as well as the BMW 801 with GM-1 nitrous oxide boost. The Fw 190 A-9 was the last A-model produced, and was first built in September 1944. The V5 first flew in the early spring of 1940. A-8s were produced by at least eight factories during its lifetime. Both men indicated that the Fw 190's outstanding qualities outweighed its deficiencies during several Ministry of Aviation commissions that considered terminating the program. in each wing root with a more potent Mauser belt-fed MG 151/20 20-millimeter Allied fighter-bombers, such as USAAF Thunderbolts firing HVAR rockets and The role of the Staffel was to guard the airfield and JV 44's Me 262s as they landed; as such the Fw 190s were supposed to take off before the jets and circle the airfield in pairs (a Rotte). the V5 back to the factory for major repairs, the aircraft was rebuilt with However it was faster, with a maximum speed of 680 km/h (422 mph) at 6,600 meters (21,650 ft). FOCKE-WULF FW 190 by Robert Grinsell, from THE BIG BOOK OF WORLD WAR II usually on the basis of being properly credited. Bomber destroyers, or "Zerstoerers", such as the "R6", with 21-centimeter 64 A-5s and A-6s were built by the French SNCAC company after the war for distraction to USAAF bomber crews than a real threat, helping to scatter The rest of the armament fit stayed the same as earlier versions; two wing root-mounted 20 mm MG 151s and two outer wing-mounted 20 mm MG 151s. ), The Fw 190 A-7 was a production derivative of the Fw 190 A-5/U9 prototype, and entered production in November 1943. The A-5/U8 was another Jabo-Rei outfitted with SC-250 centerline-mounted bombs, under-wing 300-liter drop tanks and only two MG 151s; it later became the Fw 190 G-2. This aircraft was similar to the B-0, but had slightly different armament. pre-production aircraft was authorized as well, even before any of the This engine introduced a pioneering example of an engine management system called the Kommandogerät (command-device): in effect, an electro-mechanical computer which set mixture, propeller pitch (for the constant speed propeller), boost, and magneto timing. connections with a system of pushrods to correct this problem. A few Wilde Sau night-fighters were actually fitted with "FuG 217 Neptun" "[2] Flight tests soon showed that the expected benefits of Tank's cooling design did not materialize, so after the first few flights, this arrangement was replaced by a smaller, more conventional spinner that covered only the hub of the three-blade VDM propeller. Following this testing, the Fw 190 A-1 entered service with II./JG 26, stationed near Paris, France. Even before the Fw 190 A was put into service, its high-altitude performance was seen to be deficient. Ta 152C: Similar to Fw 190D-9, but with wing moved forward, and fitted These aircraft, called Leitjäger or Fighter Formation Leaders, could be tracked and directed from the ground via special R/T equipment called Y-Verfahren (Y-Control). production engine for the Bf 109. Allies courted the Turks, each side hoping to bring Turkey into the war on combination would be used in the next subvariant, the A-3, and is well Once they got their hands on the machine, THE ILLUSTRATED HISTORY OF FIGHTERS, edited by Bill Gunston, Exeter Books, The "Fw 190E" was to be a specialized reconnaissance a single 250-kilogram (550-pound) bomb or two 50-kilogram bombs. He gave the machine the name "Wuerger (Butcher the MG 17s in the cowling. At low altitude, the top speed and acceleration of these examples were inferior to those of Allied fighters. 4 x 50 kg SC50JA bombs (200 kg total) 3. )[citation needed] Of the two, the Fw 190 was the more advanced and potent aircraft, and served The Fw 190 had shown a surprisingly high maximum speed during horizontal flight without armament at the altitude of 4000 m - 595 km/hr. not entirely fit for real combat. fighter-bomber ("Jagd-Bomber" or "Jabo"); and the "Fw 190A-4/U4" featured two The X-4 was controlled over a More frequent use of this equipment was made from the A-5 onwards. [62], As the Luftwaffe phased out older aircraft such as the Ju 87 in favor of the Fw 190, many pilots required flight training to make the transition as quick and smooth as possible. Because the outer wing MG 151s were mounted lower than the MG/FFs, new, larger hatches incorporating bulges and cartridge discharge chutes, were incorporated into the wing lower surfaces. with prototype construction moving on to a "V5" prototype with an air-cooled If the Fw 190's armor and firepower were increased to deal with the modification kits. The flight control surfaces provided large area The "Fw 190A-5/U1" and "Fw 190A-8/U1" were tandem-seat trainers. The RLM order was for 30 of these planes but only18 were built, since, in the meantime, the A-4 version was replacedby the modernized Fw 190A-5 plane. Two 30 mm (1.18 in) MK 108 cannons were installed in the outer wings to complement the 20 mm MG 151s in the inboard positions. bomb, as well as an optional stores rack under each wing. Fw 190G-3: Similar to Fw 190G-2, but with fuel injection system and other After 50 modifications to fix the engine problems, the Fw 190 was approved in late 1942. created disruptive turbulence over the tail. larger wing as "Fw 190 V5g". The pilot armed the weapon, selecting As a result, the 190 could not compete with the 109 at altitudes above 6,000 m (20,000 ft), which is one reason that the 109 remained in production until the end of the war. Several A-6s, A-7s and A-8s of JG 26 were fitted with these racks (one such aircraft was A-8 W.Nr.170346 Black 13 flown by Obstlt. [38], Furthermore, the move to a V12 engine from a radial engine required more components to be factored into the design, most significantly the need for coolant radiators (radial engines are air-cooled). three dipole antenna elements vertically mounted fore and aft, "Illustration of the fan on cutaway drawing. as the "Schlacht" or "Battlefield" mission; the term is sometimes and stores racks. hundreds, only about 80 A-7s were built, with the aircraft configured as times in 1931, and so Tank left to join the Focke-Wulf company in Bremen, Between 1934 and 1935 the German Ministry of Aviation (RLM) ran a contest to produce a modern fighter for the rearming Luftwaffe. displacing the antiquated and overly-vulnerable Junkers Ju 87 Stuka. (8.27-inch) "Doedel" rockets; and the "U12" with additional underwing cowling guns deleted, plus other minor changes. The annular radiator with its adjustable cooling gills resembled a radial engine installation, although the row of six short exhausts stacks on either side of the elongated engine cowling showed that the Jumo 213 was an inverted V12 engine. Fw 190's Outer Wing Armament Removal. with the A-5, with at least sixteen different modifications, though no more were armed with twin MG 17 machine guns in the cowling and an MG 151/20 The BMW 801 engine provided ", Page, Neil. encouraged to use this tactic late in the war with earlier Fw 190 The R1 replaced the V.Fw. Some problems were encountered, but the type fan for airflow, but this configuration didn't cool the rear set of cylinders whether to fire one, two, or all four guns, and then flew over the top of Following the success of the Fw 190 F as a Schlachtflugzeug (close support aircraft), both the Luftwaffe and Focke-Wulf began investigating ways of extending the range of the Fw 190 F. From these needs and tests, the Fw 190 G was born. Some A-4s were outfitted with a special Rüstsatz field conversion kit, comprising the fitting of a pair of under-wing Werfer-Granate 21 (BR 21) rocket mortars, and were designated Fw 190 A-4/R6. yaw stability; two MG 131 13-millimeter cannon replacing the two MG 17 guns and images credited to me are public domain. The A-4 also introduced a small but distinctive modification For some unknown reason, production of the D-12 was cancelled in favor of the D-13 model. initial flight of the V1 prototype, the decision had been made to go to a subvariant, the "Fw 190D-9". [22] A total of 976 A-4s were built between June 1942 and March 1943.[23]. Just as he was nearing the top of the loop, at 2,650 m (8,700 ft), the supercharger's high gear kicked in with a jerk. the "Fw 190A-3/U1" featured a factory upgrade kit with a bomb rack for use a got wise, sending escort fighters in the lead of the bomber formation to By spring, Focke-Wulf had shifted production to the next version of the Summary of the developmental history of the Fw 190 A-5 by Joe Baugher On the basis of data collected during tests of the experimental Fw 190A3/U1, Blaser's designer team became convinced that the planned additional armament would move the plane centre of gravity forward. Another, white chevron, was found at München-Riem, and may have served with JV 44 after serving at the Verbandsführerschule General der Jagdflieger (Training School for Unit Leaders) at Bad Wörishofen; it is not known if it was actually used operationally. produced of the F-series, reaching service in the fall of 1944. [10] The standard radio fitted was the FuG 7, although some A-1s were also equipped with FuG 25 "Erstling" IFF (identification friend or foe) equipment. The first prototype, the Fw 190 V1 (civil registration D-OPZE), powered by a 1,550 PS (1,529 hp, 1,140 kW) BMW 139 14-cylinder[citation needed] two-row radial engine, first flew on 1 June 1939. The FW-190 was a stout opponent in a dogfight with its extremely heavy armament. The 190's short wings also presented a problem at higher altitudes, where they were highly loaded. Due to war conditions, the manufacturing environment, and the use of special workshops during the later years of the war, the actual number of G models built is almost impossible to determine. The MG FF was Sander demonstrated the V1 at the Luftwaffe flight test aircraft was more than a match for the Spitfire V. British intelligence was Yet another unusual fit was of the "Doppelreiter (Double Rider)" external As a result, the Luftwaffe established the "Sturmgruppe" tactic, in which a in the form of factory upgrade kits, known as "Umruest-Bausaetz" and given "U"-series modification codes; and then field upgrade kits, known as [1] The roll rate was 162° per second at 410 km/h (255 mph), but the aircraft had a high stall speed of 205 km/h (127 mph). The propeller shaft passed through the fan's central plate, which was made of cast magnesium. The new V.Fw. difficult given the resources available and was abandoned. based on the A-8. The V5 performed its first flight in April 1940. The excellent visibility provided by the plane’s cockpit assisted the pilots in supporting one another. Development began in the spring of 1942, with prototype development based on Performance and maneuverability of the "Anton", as Luftwaffe pilots called [42], Owing to the failure of multiple attempts to create an effective next-generation 190, as well as the comments of some Luftwaffe pilots, expectations of the Dora project were low. In compensation, it had racks Further examples followed, but like the C models the development was stretched out. They Two prototypes of this standard were completed from the Fw 190A-8 stock and these were further equipped with hydraulically-boosted ailerons. Fw-190A-4/U1: was outfitted with an ETC 501 rack under the fuselage. result, following a collision with a ground vehicle in August 1940 that sent Even before the first flight of the Fw 190 V1, BMW was bench testing a larger, more powerful 14-cylinder two-row radial engine, the BMW 801. During the later years of the war, "composite" aircraft were often assembled. * Tank's engineering team was also working on another inline-powered variant, not only in air-to-air combat, but as a fighter-bomber; a close-support sitting in the cockpit "was like having your feet in a fire!" said: "We are.". Although the Kondor would be a terrible nuisance to the Allies never got out of the development stage. It was introduced during Update 1.61 "Road to Glory" in the "Operation S.U.M.M.E.R." "Magische Auge (Magic Eye)". sub-assembly production among many different manufacturers, as well as water-methanol boost system provided only a modest improvement in A small number of Mistel missions were "FlugWerke" group of Munich does sell a flight-worthy replica in kit form, Like the earlier G models, all but the two wing root mounted MG 151 cannons were removed. Thus was born the Schulflugzeug (literally "school airplane") training version of the Fw 190. The F-8 was followed by the "F-9", which had a The Erhöhte Notleistung system operated by spraying additional fuel into the fuel/air mix, cooling it and allowing higher boost pressures to be run, but at the cost of much higher fuel consumption. [43] Sporting good handling and performance characteristics, the D-9 made an effective medium altitude, high speed interceptor, although its performance still fell away at altitudes above about 6,000 m (20,000 ft). It was armed with an MK 108 cannon firing through the propeller spinner and "Ruestsaetze" and given "R"-series modification codes -- and the variations revived in 1944 as the "F-8", based on the A-8. The FW-190 was a stout opponent in a dogfight with its extremely heavy armament. armored wing. A new series of easier-to-install Rüstsatz field kits began to be produced in 1943. [27], The Fw 190 A-9 was the last A-model produced, and was first built in September 1944. Although their optimizations for the Schlacht role top of the engine cowling and one in each wing root. phallic shape. The new wing had an area of 18.30 m² (197 ft²), and now spanned 10.506 m (34 ft 5 in). The Ta-142C very much resembled the Dora-Nine, but featured a modified Although Tank did not know whether he was in an upright or inverted spin, he managed to recover after a loss of altitude. Next, the plane was returned to the manufacturer for necessary modifications, especially in the cooling system. With the removal of the fuselage mounted MG 17s, an additional oil tank was added to support the BMW 801 D-2 engine's longer run times. * The British Royal Air Force (RAF) first encountered the Fw 190A-1 in air This gave the rear fuselage a "stretched" appearance. WARPLANES OF THE LUFTWAFFE, edited by David Donald, Aerospace Publishing fitted with a Hirth 9-2281 turbocharger and four with a DVL TK-11 cannon with 200 rounds per gun, providing a total armament of two machine The A-0 testbed aircraft was outfitted with centerline and wing-mounted bomb racks. performance fell off at altitudes above 6,000 meters (20,000 feet). Allied pilots, anyplace, anywhere. The G-8 used the same "bubble" canopy as the F-8, and was fitted with underwing ETC 503 racks that could carry either bombs or drop tanks. In August, the monthly production reached 30 units. (Data for these months is missing and probably lost. The FW-190 pilots tended to work in pairs, giving each other good tactical support in battle. The difficulties did not disguise the fact that the new fighter was fast, turbocharger problems were ignored -- no DB 603 powered variant reached The Fw 190 had shown a surprisingly high maximum speed during horizontal flight without armament at the altitude of 4000 m - 595 km/hr. produced of all Fw 190 subvariants, with over 1,300 built. powerful, and agile. production line in early 1943. Armament consisted of two fuselage-mounted 7.92 mm (.312 in) MG 17s, two wing root-mounted 7.92 mm (.312 in) MG 17s - with … After only 30–40 hours of use (sometimes less), many of these early engines had to be replaced. the Spitfire V and wanted to put the RAF in their place. According to Ministry of Aviation acceptance reports, at least 3,400 F-8s were built, and probably several hundred more were built in December 1944 and from February to May 1945. with a long-barrel, high-velocity MK 103 cannon mounted in a fairing under These fixed fairings incorporated a raised deflector to prevent hot exhaust gases from the lower exhausts spilling over onto the tires. The "Fw 190A-4" went just not very many. [5] Fw 190B & Fw 190C / Fw 190D / TA-152 / Fw 190 IN FOREIGN SERVICE, [8] COMMENTS, SOURCES, & REVISION HISTORY. Fw 190A-9: Similar to Fw 190A-8, but with BMW 801F engine and possibly Many of though none of these others ended up being built in any numbers, if at all. wings removed to save weight. moment. Fw 190F-3: Similar to Fw 190F-2, but based on Fw 190A-6. This quickly became standard on the Fw 190 and nearly all other German aircraft powered by the BMW 801. The first of these, the A-4/R1, was fitted with a FuG 16ZY radio set with a Morane "whip" aerial fitted under the port wing. Some G-2s were also fitted with the additional oil tank in place of the MG 17s; however, not all were outfitted with the oil tank. Rolf Schrödeter was added. Luftwaffe test Bremen airport on 1 June 1939 with test pilot Hans Sander at the controls. Junkers Jumo 213 and the more powerful Daimler-Benz 603. A D-13 (Wk. It was armed with one Rheinmetall-Borsig 7.92 mm (.312 in) MG 17 machine gun and one 13 mm (.51 in) synchronized MG 131 machine gun in each wing root.[4]. The Fw 190 F-8 was tested various armament, noting sure to stand the tests of guided missiles air-to-air X4 Ruhrstahl, the rocket was controlled by using wire with a diameter of 0.2 mm, the rockets were tested on the five planes. Visible changes over the D-9 were the enlarged supercharger air intake on the starboard side cowling and the use of a wooden, broad-bladed VS 9 or 10 propeller unit utilizing three 9-27012 C-1 blades with a diameter of 3.6 m (11.8 ft). were built, for evaluation purposes. the type, saying it should be "turned out like hot rolls!" The Germans were painfully impressed by the lethality of rocket-firing Since the GM-1 Some U3s used for night operations had a landing light mounted in the leading edge of the left wing-root. Its 2,240 horsepower with methanol-water injection (MW 50) gave it an excellent acceleration in combat situations. Without load 2. engine. of its tailfins was removed, though it was a cumbersome load. redline limit for a short period of time. front of the cockpit, and an MG 17 fitted in each wing root, for a total of Milos Gazdic. A magnetic sensor automatically fired the guns. the French Armee de l'Air as the "NC-900" fighter-bomber, but they were Otto Kittle, who scored 267 victories, got 220 of his kills in Fw 190A-4s and The R4 kit was a planned refit for the GM 1 engine boost system, but never made it into production, and the R5 kit replaced the ETC 503 racks with two ETC 50 or 71 racks. Unfortunately, after only 50 hours of test flights, the A third, "white <61," was also found after the war at the Verbandsfuehrerschule General der Jagdflieger.[54]. the first flying in November 1944, the decision having been made to focus on the prototypes were also used to evaluate a pressurized cockpit, but these Jabo subvariant that was to feature an improved BMW 801TS or BMW 801TH The FW 190 saw the light of day thanks to the great tenacity and Herculean toil of a single man – professor Kurt Tank. [63], Fw 190A-3 of Stab. The U4 was equipped with fuselage-mounted 7.92 mm (.312 in) MG 17s and 20 mm MG 151 cannon. synchronized to fire through the propeller arc. [29] The A-9 was also designed originally as an assault aircraft, so the wing leading edges were to have been armoured; however, this did not make it past the design stage in order to save weight. The RAF hoped to give the The U7 was a high-altitude fighter, easily identified by the compressor air intakes on either side of the cowling. The "Ta" At least 963 A-6s were built from July 1943 ending in April 1944, according to Ministry of Aviation acceptance reports and Focke-Wulf production books. The first D-0 prototype was completed in October 1942, consisting of an A-5 airframe with the Jumo 213A engine. tactics. The "Fw 190A-8/U3" was to be used as part of the "Mistel (Mistletoe)" Kurt Tank entered the parasol-winged Fw 159 into the contest, against the Arado Ar 80, Heinkel He 112 and Messerschmitt Bf 109. The "U4" reconnaissance fighter, with two cameras in the rear fuselage and the world, but it does not appear that any are flying at this time. The Fw 189 A-1 is a gift rank I German bomber with a battle rating of 1.7 (AB/RB/SB). the cowling. Air Ministry (ReichsLuftMinisterium / RLM) wanted to hedge their bets and Hermann. Also in October, a further order of 315 A-1s, subcontracted to AGO Flugzeugwerke at its Oschersleben factory, began to be built as A-2s.[10]. replaced them with an MK 108 30-millimeter cannon firing through the creations: the radial-engine fighter known as the "Fw 190". Like the X-4, it never saw service. canopy to improve pilot vision, with the first of this series rolling off the The Fw 190 F series’ main type, the F-8, had arrangement for underwing rocket projectiles. I'm building the Airfix 1/72 Fw-190 A-8 with markings of Hptm "Bazi" Weiss (JG54 Black 10) using the EagleCals decal sheet EC#1. ", Lednicer, David A. Share. During a test flight, Tank carried out a loop at medium altitude. into production in late 1942, the primary improvement being the addition of Newsfeed. Documenting the subvariant modifications is troublesome, not merely because pilots were also enthusiastic about the new machine, stating that it handled "cavalry horse", built to endure rough field conditions, as opposed to other Some G-3s built in late 1943 were also fitted with the a modified 801 D-2 engine which allowed for increased low-altitude performance for short periods of time. It soon showed exceptional qualities for such a comparatively small aircraft, with excellent handling, good visibility and speed (initially around 610 km/h (380 mph)). Lednicer, David A. The Fw 190 A-7 was based on the Fw 190 A-5/U9 prototype, and entered production in November 1943. combat over the coast of northern France in September 1941. Only about five Ta 152Cs were completed, subvariant in June 1943. 1 x 250 kg SC250JA bomb + 4 x 50 kg SC50JA bombs (450 kg total) 6. By Bundesarchiv – CC BY-SA 3.0 de. This left insufficient room for the three cowling toggle latches, which were moved to the side panels. armor added under the engine and cockpit. [19], The Fw 190 A-3/U3 was the first of the Jabo (Jagdbomber), using an ETC-501 centerline bomb rack able to carry up to 500 kg (1,100 lb) of bombs or, with horizontal stabilizing bars, one 300 L (80 US gal) drop tank. The FW-190 pilots tended to work in pairs, giving each other good tactical support in battle. A 12-blade cooling fan replaced the earlier 10-blade unit, and was likewise installed in front of the engine's reduction gear housing, still running with the original 3.12:1 reduction ratio, which was standardized for BMW-powered Fw 190s.

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